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Acceleration feedback control of human-induced floor vibrations

By I.M Diaz and P. Reynolds

Abstract

Active vibration control (AVC) via a proof-mass actuator is considered to be a suitable technique for the mitigation of vibrations caused by human motions in floor structures. It has been observed that actuator dynamics strongly influence structure dynamics despite considering collocated actuator/sensor control. The well-known property of the interlacing of poles and zeros of a collocated control system is no longer accomplished. Therefore, velocity-based feedback control, which has been previously used by other researchers, might not be a good solution. This work presents a design process for a control scheme based on acceleration feedback control with a phase-lag compensator, which will generally be different from an integrator circuit. This first-order compensator is applied to the output (acceleration) in such a way that the relative stability and potential damping to be introduced are significantly increased accounting for the interaction between floor and actuator dynamics. Additionally, a high-pass filter designed to avoid stroke saturation is applied to the control signal. The AVC system designed according to this procedure has been assessed in simulation and successfully implemented in an in-service open-plan office floor. The actual vibration reductions achieved have been approximately 60% for walking tests and over 90% for a whole-day vibration monitoring. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.whiterose.ac.uk:10275

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