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Vasoactive intestinal peptide-induced neuritogenesis in neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells involves SNAP-25.

By Céline Heraud, Lucie Chevrier, Annie-Claire Meunier, Jean-Marc Muller and Corinne Chadeneau


(IF : 2,492)International audienceVasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) is a neuropeptide known to regulate proliferation and differentiation in normal and tumoral cells. We previously reported that VIP induced neuritogenesis in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells cultured in serum-free medium. This neuritogenesis was associated with a regulated expression of neuronal cytoskeleton markers. To further characterize the neuroblastic cell differentiation induced by VIP in human SH-SY5Y cells, we investigated expression of synaptosomal-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25), a protein implicated in exocytosis associated with different processes, including neurite outgrowth. Western immunoblotting and real-time RT-PCR analyses revealed that VIP increased expression of the SNAP-25 protein and the level of both SNAP-25a and SNAP-25b mRNA isoforms. Immunofluorescence experiments indicated that SNAP-25 was mainly located in neurites and at the plasma membrane in SH-SY5Y cells treated with VIP. RNA interference experiments demonstrated that SNAP-25 was involved in VIP-induced neuritogenesis. In conclusion, SNAP-25 is up-regulated and implicated in neuritogenesis in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells treated with the neuropeptide VIP

Topics: VIP, SNAP-25 mRNA isoforms, Neuroblastoma, Neuritogenesis, Differentiation, [SDV.CAN] Life Sciences [q-bio]/Cancer, [SDV.BC.IC] Life Sciences [q-bio]/Cellular Biology/Cell Behavior [q-bio.CB], [SDV.BBM.BM] Life Sciences [q-bio]/Biochemistry, Molecular Biology/Molecular biology
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2008
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.npep.2008.05.005
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-00422624v1
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