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Physical and biological properties of the late Miocene, long-lived Turiec Basin, Western Carpathians (Slovakia) and its paleobiotopes

By Radovan Pipik, Anne-Marie Bodergat, Danielle Briot, Michal Kováč, Ján Král and Grzegorz Zielinski


International audienceThe Turiec Basin (TB) of Slovakia formed in the Miocene when the West Carpathians escaped from the Alpine region. The 1,250-m-thick sedimentary Neogene fill of the basin preserved fossil leaves as well as endemic bivalves, gastropods, and ostracodes. The paleolimnologic changes recorded in the TB infill were derived from the most abundant fossils, the ostracodes. Five contemporaneous ostracode assemblages within the Late Miocene lacustrine system were distinguished through statistical analysis. These assemblages have low species similarity, between 2.1 and 24.1%, and are recognized by shape differences among the Candoninae. The ostracode assemblages, mollusca fossils, and Sr-isotope ratios suggest a low-salinity environment at the beginning of the Late Miocene, during a brief connection with the Central Paratethys. When the connection ceased, the basin became an isolated freshwater lake, with five zones differentiated ecologically and bathymetrically using the ostracode assemblages. Taxonomic comparison of the faunas of the TB and the freshwater to brackish Neogene basins of Europe demonstrates the endemic character of the TB ostracode fauna. The biologic characteristics of the ostracode families, along with the geology of the lake basin, suggest that the longevity of the Late Miocene lake probably exceeded 1 Ma

Topics: Late Miocene, Long-lived lake, Intralacustrine evolution, Endemism, Lacustrine Ostracoda, Strontium isotopes
Publisher: 'Springer Science and Business Media LLC'
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1007/s10933-011-9573-2
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-00708867v1
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