Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

How did the location of industry respond to falling transport costs in Britain before World War I? \ud

By N. F. R. Crafts and Abay Mulatu

Abstract

This article explores the location of industry in pre–World War I Britain using a model that takes account both of factor endowment and also of New Economic Geography influences. Broadly speaking, the pattern of industrial location in this period was quite persistent and regional specialization changed little. The econometric results show that factor endowments had much stronger effects than proximity to markets, although the latter was an attraction for industries with large plant size. Overall, falling transport costs had relatively little effect on industrial location at a time when proximity to natural resources, notably coal, mattered most

Topics: HC, HE
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Year: 2006
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:699

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1890). An Input-Output Approach to the British Economy, doi
  2. (1986). Coal and Steam Power.” In Atlas of Industrializing Britain, 1780–1914, edited by doi
  3. (1996). Equilibrium Locations of Vertically Linked doi
  4. (2002). Examining Ireland’s Post–Famine Economic Growth Performance.” doi
  5. (1995). Expansion of Markets and the Geographic Distribution of Economic Activities: The Trends in U.S. doi
  6. (1991). Geography and Trade. doi
  7. How the Price of Distance Declined: Ocean Freights for Grain and Coal from the 1870s to 2000.” mimeo, doi
  8. (2000). International Comparisons of Real Product, 1820– 1990: An Alternative Dataset.” doi
  9. (1986). Introduction.” In Atlas of Industrializing Britain, 1780–1914, edited by doi
  10. (1981). Peaceful Conquest. doi
  11. (2005). Potential in British Regions, doi
  12. (1980). Private Enterprise or Public Utility? Output, Pricing and Investment on English and Welsh Railways,
  13. (1980). Railways and the Economy, doi
  14. (1982). Regional Accessibility and Economic Potential in doi
  15. (1979). Regional Employment Statistics, 1841–1971. Cambridge: doi
  16. (2005). Regional GDP in Britain, 1871–1911: Some Estimates.” doi
  17. (1999). Resources, and Economic Geography: Sources of U.S. Regional Comparative Advantage, doi
  18. (1995). Sectoral Growth across U.S. States: Factor Content, Linkages, and Trade.” doi
  19. (2004). Steam as a General Purpose Technology: A Growth Accounting Perspective.” doi
  20. (1939). The Location of Industry and the Depressed Areas. London:
  21. (1970). The Regional Perspective.” In Regions and Industries: A Perspective on the Industrial Revolution in Britain, edited by Patricia Hudson, doi
  22. (2003). The Rise and Fall of World Trade, doi
  23. (1910). The Role of Coastal Shipping in UK Transport: An Estimate of Comparative Traffic Movements in
  24. (1977). The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.