Location of Repository

Inequalities in diet and physical activity in Europe

By Elizabeth Dowler

Abstract

The contribution of food, nutrition and physical activity to inequalities in health across Europe is largely unexplored. This paper summarizes cross sectional survey data on food patterns and nutrient intakes, and briefer data on physical activity, by various indicators of socio-economic status for countries across Europe. Factors are examined which underlie the outcome data seen. These include structural and material conditions and circumstances which contribute to excluding sociodemographic groups from participating in mainstream patterns of living. Trends in social and economic conditions, and their implications for nutritional and physical wellbeing are briefly outlined

Topics: HN
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Year: 2001
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:807

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2000). A minimum income for healthy living?
  2. (1998). Access to healthy foods: part 1. Barriers to accessing healthy foods: differentials by gender, social class, income and mode of transport. doi
  3. (1998). Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. National Food Survey, doi
  4. (1998). Budgeting for food on a low income: the case of lone parents. Food Policy doi
  5. (1997). Budgeting for food on state benefits: poor lone parents in the United Kingdom. In:
  6. Can't cook; won't cook: a review of cooking skills and their relevance to health promotion. doi
  7. Choice and Poverty: social, cultural and nutritional aspects of food consumption among low income families. London: Family Policy Studies Centre for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation,
  8. (2000). Consumption pattern and food attitudes of a sample of 657 low-income people in France. Food Policy doi
  9. (1994). Diet and Poverty in the UK: Contemporary Research Methods and Current Experience. Review and Annotated Bibliography. Report to the Committee on Medical Aspects of Food Policy and Nutrition Task Force, Department of Health. (also published as)
  10. (1997). End of the Road: Food access and availability in Upper Loch Torridon and Thurso.
  11. (1998). EU Working Group on Socio-economic Inequalities in Health. Mortality by occupational class among men 30±64 years in 11 European countries.
  12. Eurostat: Bulletin of economic trends
  13. (1999). Fit for school: how breakfast clubs meet health, education and childcare needs. London: New Policy Institute with the Kids' Clubs Network,
  14. (1999). Food Access in East London. Report for Health Promotion and Community Involvement, East London and City Health Authority,
  15. (1986). Food Banks and the Welfare Crisis. Ottawa: Canadian Council of Social Development,
  16. (1999). Food is a political issue.
  17. (1997). Food programmes and poor families in a suburb of Paris. In:
  18. (1999). Food projects and how they work.
  19. (1997). food security and welfare politics. doi
  20. (1995). Foundation. Inquiry into Income and Wealth; Volume 1. (chaired by Sir Peter Barclay) York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation, doi
  21. (1996). Health and Social Organization: towards a health policy for the twenty-first century. doi
  22. (1992). Health Education Authority and Sports Council. Allied Dunbar National Fitness Survey: Main Findings. London: HEA and Sports Council,
  23. (1991). Health Education Authority. Tomorrow's Young Adults: 9±15 year-olds Look at Alcohol, Drugs, Exercise and Smoking. London: Health Education Authority,
  24. (1990). Health inequities in Europe.
  25. (1996). Health. Low Income, Food, Nutrition and Health: Strategies for Improvement. A Report from the Low Income Project Team to the Nutrition Task Force. London: Department of Health,
  26. (1997). Hunger in Canada: Abandoning the Right to Food. In:
  27. Inequalities in diet and physical activity9 Coggins
  28. (1997). Intake of micronutrients in Britain's poorest fifth has declined. doi
  29. (1996). Interventions to reduce socio-economic health differences. doi
  30. (1991). Intra-household food and nutrient allocation. doi
  31. (1997). Living situation and health of welfare recipients
  32. (1998). Low Cost but Acceptable: a minimum income standard for the UK. Bristol: the Policy Press and Zacchaeus Trust for the Family Budget Unit,
  33. (1999). Making Links: A Toolkit for Community Food Projects. London: National Food Alliance, (now Sustain),
  34. (2000). Mapping access to food in a deprived area: the development of price and availability indices. Public Health Nutrition doi
  35. (1998). Methodology for the exploitation of HBS food data and results on food availability in six
  36. (1998). National diet and nutrition survey people aged 65 years and over Vol. 1. Report of the diet and nutrition survey. London: The Stationery Office, doi
  37. (1995). National Diet and Nutrition Survey: children aged 1.5 to 4.5 years. London: HM Stationery Office,
  38. National Diet and Nutrition Survey: young people aged 4±18 years Vol. 1. Report of the diet and nutrition survey. London: The Stationery Office, doi
  39. (1990). Nutrient intakes in socially disadvantaged groups in Ireland. doi
  40. (1995). Nutrition and Diet in Lone-parent Families in London. London: Family Policy Studies Centre for the Joseph Rowntree Foundation,
  41. (1997). Nutrition and poverty in Europe: an overview. doi
  42. (1997). Nutrition education for low-income groups ± is there a role? In:
  43. (2000). occupational position, qualification and health inequalities ± competing risks? (comparing indicators of social status). doi
  44. (2000). Organization. The Impact of Food on Public Health. Case for a Food and Nutrition Policy and Action Plan for the WHO European Region 2000±2005. WHO Regional Office for Europe, Working Draft 15
  45. (1999). Physical activity and diet in 5 to 7 years old children. Public Health Nutrition doi
  46. Physical Activity and Inequalities: a briefing. London: Health Education Authority,
  47. (1998). Physical Activity: patterns and policy options.
  48. Policies and strategies to promote equity in health. Copenhagen: World Health Organization,
  49. (1999). Pra Ètta Èla È R, FAIR-97-3096 Disparities group (tasks 4 and 5). Disparities in food habits: review of research in 15 European Countries. Helsinki: National Public Health Institute,
  50. (1995). Rapport sur les aides existant en France pour l'alimentation des personnes de Âfavorise Âes. IGAS Rapport 95,
  51. (2000). Reaching the parts Community Mapping: Working together to tackle social exclusion and food poverty. London: Sustain; the Alliance for Better Food and Farming,
  52. (1999). Regional, demographic and national influences on attitude and beliefs with regard to physical activity, body weight and health in a nationally representative sample in the European Union. Public Health Nutrition doi
  53. Relationship between dietary habits, age, lifestyle and socio-economic status among adult Norwegian women. The Norwegian Women and Cancer Study.EuropeanJournalofClinicalNutrition1998;52:565±2. doi
  54. (2001). Running on Empty London: Demos,
  55. (1998). Scoping Study for a Proposed Survey of Diet and Nutritional Status in Low-income Households. Report to Ministry of Agriculture,
  56. (2000). Scottish Community Diet Project. Fair Choice: Newsletter of the Scottish Community Diet Project. Glasgow: Scottish Community Diet Project,
  57. (1998). Setting adequacy standards: How governments define minimum incomes. doi
  58. (1995). Social Class and Food in the Nordic Countries. In: Feichtinger E, Ko Èhler B, eds. Current research into eating practices: contributions of social sciences.
  59. (1997). Socio-economic differentials in health: the role of nutrition. doi
  60. (1994). Socio-economic inequalities in health in the Netherlands: impact of a five year research programme.
  61. (1989). Socio-economic status and obesity: a review of the literature. Psychological Bulletin
  62. (1995). Sociocultural Determinants of Eating and Drinking Habits: an international comparison. In: Feichtinger E, Ko Èhler B, eds. Current research into eating practices: contributions of social sciences. Frankfurt Am Main:
  63. Statistics in focus: Population and social conditions N 6/1999, in: Bulletin of economic trends in Europe.
  64. Tackling inequalities in health: an agenda for action.
  65. (1997). The contribution of nutrition to inequalities in health. doi
  66. (1996). The Facts. London: Child Poverty Action Group,
  67. The influence of soicoeconomic status, ethnicity and lifestyle on body mass index in a longitudinal study. doi
  68. (1996). The price of food: missing out on mass consumption. STICERD, London: London School of Economics,
  69. (1997). The sociological classification of poverty and lifestyle analysis.
  70. (1999). The state of cooking in England: the relationship of cooking skills to food choice. doi
  71. (1997). The USA: Hunger in the Land of Plenty. In:
  72. (1999). The Widening Gap: health inequalities and policy in Britain. doi
  73. Times: How poor families make ends meet. London: Policy Studies Institute, doi
  74. (2000). Too much and too little? Debates on Surplus food redistribution. London: Sustain: the alliance for better food and farming,
  75. (1996). Transmission of social and biological risk across the life course.
  76. (1999). Variables independently associated with selfreported obesity in the European Union. Public Health Nutrition doi
  77. (1999). Vegetable and fruit consumption associated with anthropometric, dietary and lifestyle factors in Spain. EPIC group of Spain. Public Health Nutrition doi
  78. (1999). WHO tackles food inequalities: Europe's first comprehensive Food and Nutrition Action Plan debate, doi
  79. (2000). Widening inequality in mortality between 160 regions of the 15 European countries in the early 1990s. doi
  80. (1996). Women and Food in Poor Families ± Focus for Concern? Focus on Women: Nutrition and Health, National Dairy Council,
  81. (1996). Young people, schools, sport and government policies. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.