Location of Repository

Political strategies of external support for democratization

By Peter J. Burnell

Abstract

Political strategies of external support to democratization are contrasted and critically examined in respect of the United States and European Union. The analysis begins by defining its terms of reference and addresses the question of what it means to have a strategy. The account briefly notes the goals lying behind democratization support and their relationship with the wider foreign policy process, before considering what a successful strategy would look like and how that relates to the selection of candidates. The literature's attempts to identify strategy and its recommendations for better strategies are compared and assessed. Overall, the article argues that the question of political strategies of external support for democratization raises several distinct but related issues including the who?, what?, why?, and how? On one level, strategic choices can be expected to echo the comparative advantage of the "supporter." On a different level, the strategies cannot be divorced from the larger foreign policy framework. While it is correct to say that any sound strategy for support should be grounded in a theoretical understanding of democratization, the literature on strategies reveals something even more fundamental: divergent views about the nature of politics itself. The recommendations there certainly pinpoint weaknesses in the actual strategies of the United States and Europe but they have their own limitations too. In particular, in a world of increasing multi-level governance strategies for supporting democratization should go beyond preoccupation with just an "outside-in" approach

Topics: JC
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Year: 2005
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:901

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2004a) Democracy Promotion: the Elusive Quest for Grand Strategies. Intenationale Politik und
  2. (2004a) Europe’s Uncertain Pursuit of Middle East Reform.
  3. (2004b) ‘Normative Dynamics and Strategic Interests in the EU’s External Identity. doi
  4. (2004b) Building Better Democracies. Why political parties matter. London: Westminster Foundation for Democracy.
  5. (2004c) The Domestic Political Impact of Foreign Aid: Recalibrating the Research Agenda. doi
  6. (1930). A Study of the Principles of Politics. London: Gorge Allen and Unwin.
  7. (2004). Aart doi
  8. (1999). Aiding Democracy Abroad. The Learning Curve. doi
  9. (1999). Crisis Management and the Making of ‘Choiceless Democracies’”.
  10. (2004). Critical Mission. Essays on Democracy Promotion.
  11. (2002). Defending Democracy – A Global Survey of Foreign Policy Trends 1992-2002. http://www.demcoalition.org/html/globa_survey.html
  12. (2004). Democracy and Constituencies in the Arab World.
  13. (1997). Democracy Assistance: the Question of Strategy. doi
  14. (2004). Democracy Promotion: the Relationship of Political Parties and Civil Society. doi
  15. (2002). Democracy, Threats and Political Repression in Developing Countries: are Democracies Internally Less Violent. doi
  16. (1995). Democratization and the Danger of War. doi
  17. (2001). Democratizing with Ethnic Divisions: a Source of Conflict. doi
  18. (2005). Diplomacy”. In The Globalization of World Politics, edited by John Baylis and Steve Smith, third edition,
  19. (2003). European Approaches to Democracy Assistance: Learning the Right Lessons? Third World doi
  20. (2000). European Union Development Co-operation and the Promotion of Democracy”. In Democracy Assistance. International Co-operation for Democratizatio,n edited by Peter Burnell,
  21. (2000). From Voting to Violence. Democratization and Nationalist Conflict. doi
  22. (2005). Globalization and Global Politics”. In The Globalization of World Politics, edited by John Baylies and Steve Smith, third edition,
  23. (1999). Globalization and the Erosion of Democracy. doi
  24. (2004). International Political Party Assistance. An Overview and Analysis. Working Paper 33. Clingendael: Netherlands Institute of International Relations.
  25. (1996). Is the Third Wave Over? doi
  26. (2004). Key note address”. at conference on ‘Enhancing the European Profile in Democracy Assistance’, organised by the Netherlands Institute for Multi-party Democracy, The Hague,
  27. (2004). Middle Eastern Democracy. Is Civil Society the Answer? Carnegie Paper No. 44
  28. (2004). Military Intervention, Democratization, and Post-conflict Stability”. paper presented at UNU-WIDER conference ‘Making Peace Work’,
  29. (2002). Normative Power Europe: a Contradiction in Terms? doi
  30. (2003). Ordinary People in Extraordinary Times. The Citizenry and the Breakdown of Democracy. doi
  31. (2001). Patterns of Europeanization and Transnational Party Co-operation: Party Development in Central and Eastern Europe”. doi
  32. (1961). Politics and Vision. Continuity and Innovation in Western Political Thought. London: George Allen and Unwin. doi
  33. (1996). Polyarchy: Globalization, US Intervention, and Hegemony. Cambridge: doi
  34. (2003). Promoting Democracy after Conflict: the Difficult Choices. doi
  35. (2003). Promoting Democracy from Without – Learning from Within (Part I). doi
  36. (2000). Promotion of Democracy as a Foreign Policy Instrument of ‘Europe’: Limits to International Idealism. doi
  37. (1998). Rationalizing Politics: the Emerging Synthesis of doi
  38. (2002). Rebuilding State Institutions in Collapsed States. doi
  39. (2004). States at Risk and Failed States. Policy Outlook (September).
  40. (1990). Steele (forthcoming 2005) Assisting Democrats or Resisting Dictators? The Nature and Impact of Democracy Support by the United States’ National Endowment for Democracy, doi
  41. (2001). Tanja Ellingsen, Scott Gates and Nils Petter Gleditsch doi
  42. (1951). The Governmental Process. doi
  43. (1952). The Group Basis of Politics. doi
  44. (2004). The Hague Statement on Enhancing the European Profile in Democracy Assistance. The Hague:
  45. (1968). The Language of Modern Politics.
  46. (1965). The Nature of Politics. Harmondsworth:
  47. (1908). The Process of Government. A Study of Social Pressures. doi
  48. (2004). The Structural Context of Recent Transitions to Democracy. doi
  49. (2005). The UN Role in Promoting Democracy. Between Ideals and Reality. doi
  50. (2000). US Democracy Promotion: Critical Questions”. In, American Democracy Promotion, edited by Michael Cox, doi
  51. (1996). What Makes Democracies Endure? doi
  52. (2003). World Development Report

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.