Location of Repository

Beyond East-West : marginality and national dignity in Finnish identity construction

By Christopher S. Browning and Marko Lehti

Abstract

Since the end of the Cold War it has become common for Finnish academics and politicians alike to frame debates about Finnish national identity in terms of locating Finland somewhere along a continuum between East and West (e.g., Harle and Moisio 2000). Indeed, for politicians properly locating oneself (and therefore Finland) along this continuum has often been seen as central to the winning and losing of elections. For example, the 1994 referendum on EU membership was largely interpreted precisely as an opportunity to relocate Finland further to the West (Jakobson 1998, 111; Arter 1995). Indeed, the tendency to depict Finnish history in terms of a series of ‘westernising’ moves has been notable, but has also betrayed some of the politicised elements of this view (Browning 2002). However, this framing of Finnish national identity discourse is not only sometimes politicised, but arguably is also too simplified and results in blindness towards other identity narratives that have also been important through Finnish history, and that are also evident (but rarely recognised) today as well. In this article we aim to highlight one of these that we argue has played a key role in locating Finland in the world and in formulating notions of what Finland is about, what historical role and mission it has been understood as destined to play, and what futures for the nation have been conceptualised as possible and as providing a source of subjectivity and national dignity. The focus of this article is therefore on the relationship between Finnish nationalism and ideas of ‘marginality’ through Finnish history

Topics: DL, HM
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2007
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:1007

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (1995). Pioneers’, in Scandinavian Short Stories (Senate)
  2. (2004). Suomi EU:n etujoukkoon - Eurooppa-politiikan uudet haasteet.
  3. (2005). Tradition through Modernity: Postmodernism and the Nation-State in Folklore Scholarship. Helsinki, Finnish Literature Society.
  4. (1987). Remote Areas: Some Theoretical Considerations’, doi
  5. (1995). The EU Referendum in Finland on 16 doi
  6. (1985). Nationalism and the State. doi
  7. (2002). Coming Home or Moving Home? “Westernising” Narratives
  8. (2003). Towards a New Agenda? US, doi
  9. (2004). Contending Discourses of Marginality: The Case of Kaliningrad’, doi
  10. (1997). Excitable Speech: A Politics of the Performative. doi
  11. (2004). The Information Society and the Welfare State: The Finnish Model (Oxford: doi
  12. (1964). Geography and World Politics in a Divided World (London: doi
  13. (1966). The Scandinavians doi
  14. (2004). Imagining the Nation. History, Modernity and Revolution in Latvia. Pennsylvania State doi
  15. (2002). Lejonet och duppelörnen. Finlands imperiella decennier 1830-1890.
  16. (1995). Nationalism: five roads to modernity. Cambridge: doi
  17. (1995). The Changing Representations of Finland in Geographical Texts in Hungary: A Contextual Analysis’,
  18. (1953). Green Gold and Granite: A Background to Finland (London: Max doi
  19. (2000). Missä on Suomi? Kansallisen identiteettipolitiikan historia ja geopolitiikka [Where is Finland? The Nation's History of Identity Politics and Geopolitics]
  20. (1985). Social preconditions of national revival in Europe : a comparative analysis of the social composition of patriotic groups among the smaller European nations. Cambridge: doi
  21. (1990). Constitutionalist Insurgency in Finland. Finnish ‘passive resistance’ against russification as a case of nonmilitary struggle in the European resistance tradition (Helsinki: Suomen historiallinen seura). doi
  22. (1987). Ryssästä saa puhua... : Neuvostoliitto suomalaisessa julkisuudessa ja kirjat julkisuuden muotona 1918-39.
  23. (1998). Finland in the New Europe (Westport, Connecticut: Praeger) Joenniemi, P.
  24. (2003). Can Europe Be Told from the North? Tapping into the EU’s Northern Dimension’. In
  25. (2005). Suomalainen historiallinen myytti’.
  26. (1998). Vihollisia, vainoojia, syöpäläisiä. Venäläisviha Suomessa 1917-1923. Helsinki: Suomen historiallinen seura. doi
  27. (1970). Neutrality: The Finnish Position. doi
  28. (1998). Finns in the Shadow of the Aryans. Helsinki, Suomen Historiallinen Seura;
  29. (2001). The Nordic Welfare State in Finland’, doi
  30. (1991). Seven Brothers (New Paltz:
  31. (1993). The Finnish Tradition. Essays on structures and identities in the North of Europe.
  32. (1997). Keisarin Suomi.
  33. (1969). Finland and the Soviet Union’. In doi
  34. (1869). Oppikirja Suomen kansan historiasta. Helsinki: Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden Seura Kuisma,
  35. (1999). Pääosassa Suomen kansa”: Suomi-Filmin ja Suomen Filmiteollisuus kansallisen elokuvan rakentajina 1933-1939.
  36. (1999). A Baltic League as a Construct of the New Europe. Envisioning a Baltic Region and Small State Sovereignty in the Aftermath of the First World War. Frankfurt-am-Main, Peter Lang.
  37. (2000). Kansojen kilvoittelu kunniasta. Kansallisuusaatteen ja urheilun pyhä liitto’,
  38. (2001). The Petersburgian Europe in Finnish Identity’. In
  39. (2002). Pohjoisen paluu. Uudet tarinat ja vanhat symbolit’.
  40. (2000). War Land on the Eastern Front: Culture, National Identity, and German Occupation in World War I. Cambridge, doi
  41. (1999). Tasavallan tiellä. Suomi kansalaissodasta 2000-luvulle.
  42. (2000). Metsäturkki ja sen jurot parturit. Näkemyksiä metsäluonnon ja kansaluonteen suhteesta 1800- ja 1900-luvuilla’. Historiallinen Aikakauskirja 3/2000.
  43. (2002). Karhu poliittis-maantieteellisenä naapurina: kansallinen identiteettiprojekti 2000-luvun Suomessa. Turku, Turku University. A Northern Dimension for the Policies of the European Union. A Video directed by
  44. (1963). The Parties and Foreign Policy’.
  45. (1996). Territories, Boundaries and Consciousness: The Changing Geographies of the FinnishRussian Border (Chichester: doi
  46. (1963). Finland och de olympiska spelen i Stockholm : diplomatin bakon kulisserna
  47. (2005). Finnish Information Technology in Good Form’. Available at http://virtual.finland.fi.
  48. (1996). Identity, Interest and Action: A Cultural Explanation of Sweden's Intervention in the Thirty Years War. Cambridge, doi
  49. (2001). Ethnic Nationalism & the Fall of Empires. doi
  50. (2004). Suomen menestyksen eväät: Tiekartta tulevaisuuteen.
  51. (1995). Entä jos… Suomi ja mahdolliset maailmat.
  52. (2000). Pohjan tähteiden tuolla puolen’.
  53. (1996). The Finnish Broadcasting Company and the Changing Finnish Society,
  54. (1991). Places on the Margin: Alternative Geographies of Modernity doi
  55. (1996). Helsingfors-Paris : Finlands utveckling till nation på världsutställningarna 1851-1900 (Helsingfors: Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland : Finska historiska samfundet)
  56. (2004). Undressing the Maid. Gender, Sexuality and the Body in the Construction of the Finnish Nation. doi
  57. (1920). Suomi, reunavallat ja Venäjän kysymys: talouspoliittinen tutkielma. Helsinki: Edistysseurojen kustannus Wæver,
  58. (2002). Identities, communities and foreign policy: Discourse analysis as foreign policy theory’.
  59. (2002). Eurooppalaisten juuret.
  60. (1976). Folklore and Nationalism in Modern Finland. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.