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Real exchange rates over the past two centuries: how important is the Harrod-Balassa-Samuelson effect?

By James R. Lothian and Mark P. Taylor

Abstract

Using data since 1820 for the US, the UK and France, we test for the presence of real effects on the equilibrium real exchange rate (the Harrod-Balassa-Samuelson, HBS effect) in an explicitly nonlinear framework and allowing for shifts in real exchange rate volatility across nominal regimes. A statistically signifcant HBS effect for sterling-dollar captures its longrun trend and explains a proportion of variation in changes in the real rate that is proportional to the time horizon of the change. There is signifcant evidence of nonlinear reversion towards long-run equilibrium and downwards shifts in volatility during fixed nominal exchange rate regimes

Topics: HG
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Year: 2008
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:1431

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