Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Asia's odd men out: Australia, Japan and the politics of regionalism

By Mark Beeson and Hidetaka Yoshimatsu


Australia and Japan have frequently had difficult relationships with their neighbours. This paper suggests that when seen in their specific historical contexts, the fact that Australia and Japan have become ‘Asia’s odd men out’ is unsurprising. The central argument of this paper is that the consolidation and institutionalisation of regions is in large part a political exercise that reflects, and is informed by, discrete national conversations. Until and unless such national discourses align with wider transnational developments, regional processes are unlikely to prosper. An examination of Japan’s and Australia’s respective attempts to engage with and define their region reveals just how problematic this process can be

Topics: HC, JZ, DS
Publisher: University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation
Year: 2006
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2005). 14 Chinese authorities appear to have used anti-Japanese sentiment to undermine Japan’s attempts to secure a UN seat, for example. See ‘UN power play drives China protests’, International Herald Tribune,
  2. (1982). 15 From the perspective of the US, of course, Japan’s significance was primarily strategic as a bulwark against Soviet expansionism in Asia. See Schaller
  3. (2000). 7 A senior MOF official recalls that it was tough to convince Washington that the initiative would be completely different from
  4. (2004). Address to the Australian Strategic Policy Institute,
  5. (2001). Ajia kinyu senryaku no tenkai’ (The evolution of financial strategies for Asia), in S. Akira and S. Yamakage (eds). Ajia Seiji Keizai Ron: Ajia no Nakano Nihon wo Mezashite (The Theory of Asian Political Economy: Searching for Japan in
  6. (2004). Ajia Taiheiyo Chiiki Keisei heno Dotei (The transitional process on the way toward the formation of the Asia Pacific Region),
  7. (2003). America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy, doi
  8. (2006). American hegemony and regionalism: The rise of East Asia and the end of the Asia-Pacific’, doi
  9. (2001). Apec and the Construction of Pacific Rim Regionalism, doi
  10. (1997). ASEAN pawaa: Ajia taiheiyo no chukaku he (ASEAN Power: Toward a Centre of the Asia-Pacific),
  11. (1996). Asia in Japan's Embrace: Building a Regional Production Alliance, (Cambridge: doi
  12. (1995). Asia Pacific Fusion: Japan’s Role in APEC, doi
  13. (1989). Australia and the Northeast Asian Ascendancy, doi
  14. (2002). Australia’s new “hairy-chested” attitude riles its East Asian neighbours’, The Guardian
  15. (2003). Australia’s relationship with the United States: The case for greater independence’, doi
  16. (2005). Available from 9 Nippon Keidanren (Japan Business Federation) called that the East Asian Free Economic Zone should be formed by 2015 under joint leadership by Japan and China (Keidanren
  17. (1964). Beyond the Nation State: Functionalism and International Organization, doi
  18. (2000). China: Asia Leaders’ Forum –
  19. (2003). Constructing an “East Asia” concept and growing regional identity: From EAEC to ASEAN+3’, Pacific Review, doi
  20. (2002). East Asian Financial Cooperation, doi
  21. (2004). East Asian ideas of regionalism: A normative critique’, doi
  22. (2004). Exploring regional domains: A comparative history of regionalism’, doi
  23. (1994). Globalisation and Regionalisation: The Challenge for Developing Countries, doi
  24. (2005). Higashi ajia kyodo tai no bunkateki kiban’
  25. (2005). Howard taught a lesson in Asia’,
  26. (2005). Howard’s way: Northerly neighbours and western friends’, Griffith Review, Edition 9, Up North: Myths, Threats and Enchantment.
  27. (1997). Ideas, identity, and institution-building: from the “ASEAN way” to the “Asia-Pacific way”’, The Pacific Review, doi
  28. (1995). Identifying Australia’s “Region”: From Evatt to Evans’, doi
  29. (1997). Is Australia an Asian Country?, (St Leonard’s:
  30. (2001). Japan between Asia and the West: Economic Power and Strategic Balance, doi
  31. (2003). nen Tsusho Hakusho (White Paper on International Trade
  32. (2004). Nihon no FTA senryaku’ (Japan’s FTA strategy), in Y. Soeya and M. Tadokoro (eds) Nihon no Higashi Ajia Koso (Japan’s Vision for East Asia), Tokyo: Toyo Keizai Shinposha.
  33. (2003). Nihon/ ASEAN Kankei no Shinka to Henyo’ (The Deepening and Transformation of Japan-ASEAN Relations)
  34. (2005). Re-thinking regionalism: Europe and East Asia in comparative historical perspective’, doi
  35. (1995). Regionalism in theoreitcal perspective’, in Fawcett, L & Hurrell, A (eds) Regionalism in World Politics: Regional Organization and International Order,
  36. (2003). Regions and Powers: The Structure of International Security, doi
  37. (1997). Reisen no shuen to anzen hosho seisaku no sai hensei’ [the end of the Cold War and the reformulation of the security policy]
  38. (1997). Reisengo no nichibei anzen hosho taisei’ (Japan-U.S. security structure after the Cold War),
  39. (1982). Securing the Great Crescent: Occupied Japan and the origins of containment in Southeast Asia', doi
  40. (1996). Speech at official banquet,
  41. (2000). Studying regions: Learning from the old, constructing the new’, New Political Economy. doi
  42. (2004). Teikoku to sono Genkai: Amerika, Higashi Ajia, Nihon (The empire and its limits:
  43. (1992). The Asia-Pacific idea: reality and representsation in the invention of regional structure’,
  44. (2000). The East Asian Economic Caucus: “Formalised” Regionalism Being Denied,’ in Bjorn Hettne, Andras Inotai and Osvaldo Sunkei (eds) TITLE/PUBLISHER??:
  45. (2004). The evolving dynamics of Japan's national identity and foreign policy role
  46. (1992). The Fukuda Doctrine and ASEAN: New Dimensions in Japanese Foreign Policy, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
  47. (1997). The Grand Chess Board: American Primacy and Its Geostrategic Imperatives, doi
  48. (2003). The new bilateralism in the Asia Pacific’, doi
  49. (2002). The Paradox of American Power, doi
  50. (1998). The perilous moment: Indonesia, Australia and the Asian crisis’, Public Lecture at the University of New South Wales,
  51. (2000). The Rise and Fall of One Nation, (St Lucia:
  52. (1997). The Victory: The Inside Story of the Takeover of Australia, (St Leonards:
  53. (2002). Theorizing the rise of regioness’, doi
  54. Torsten Strulik Knowledge politics in the field of global finance? The emergence of a cognitive approach in banking supervision 196/06 March Mark Beeson and Hidetaka Yoshimatsu Asia’s Odd Men Out:
  55. (2002). Why is there no NATO in Asia? Collective identity, regionalism, and the origins of multilateralism’, doi
  56. (1995). Wizard of Oz’, Far Eastern Economic Review,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.