Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Anchoring effects in the development of false childhood memories

By Kimberley A. Wade, Maryanne Garry, Robert Alastair Nash and David N. Harper

Abstract

When people receive descriptions or doctored photos of events that never happened, they often come to remember those events. But if people receive both a description and a doctored photo, does the order in which they receive the information matter? We asked people to consider a description and a doctored photograph of a childhood hot air balloon ride, and we varied which medium they saw first. People who saw a description first reported more false images and memories than people who saw a photo first, a result that fits with an anchoring account of false childhood memories

Topics: BF
Publisher: Psychonomic Society, Inc.
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:2127

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2007). A photo, a suggestion, a false memory. doi
  2. (2002). A picture is worth a thousand lies: Using false photographs to create false childhood memories. doi
  3. (1967). A primacy effect in subjective probability revision. doi
  4. (2005). Actually, a picture is worth less than 45 words: Narratives produce more false memories than photographs do. doi
  5. (2002). Autobiographical memories and beliefs: A preliminary metacognitive model. In doi
  6. (2001). Biased interpretation of evidence by mock jurors. doi
  7. (1998). Confirmation bias: A Ubiquitous phenomenon in many guises. doi
  8. (2006). Counselling adult survivors of child sexual abuse. (3rd Ed.) London: doi
  9. (2007). False claims about false memory research. doi
  10. (1995). False memories of childhood experiences. doi
  11. (2005). False reports of childhood events in appropriate interviews. doi
  12. (2009). Imagination equally influences false memories for high and low plausibility events. doi
  13. (2006). Importing perceived features into false memories. doi
  14. (1995). Memory and abuse: Remembering and healing the effects of trauma. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, Inc. Author Note We thank Claire Yaxley, Cathy Brown, Olwen Bryer and Giles Poulter for their assistance. Correspondence to
  15. (1995). Naturally occurring expectation effects. doi
  16. (2004). Picture this: True photographs and false memories. doi
  17. (2008). Repair your life: A program for recovery from incest and childhood sexual abuse.
  18. (1993). Source monitoring. doi
  19. (2008). Source Monitoring. In doi
  20. (2005). Strategies for verifying false autobiographical memories. doi
  21. (1995). The formation of false memories. doi
  22. (1999). The nature of real, implanted and fabricated memories for emotional childhood events: Implications for the false memory debate. doi
  23. (2005). When photographs create false memories. doi
  24. (2007). You and your best friend Suzy put Slime in Ms. Smollett’s desk’: Producing false memories with selfrelevant details. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.