Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

'I just want a job' : what do we really know about young people in jobs without training?

By Sue M. (Susan Mary) Maguire

Abstract

Over recent years, a central concern of policy has been to drive up post-16 participation rates in full-time education and address the needs of young people not in education, employment or training (NEET). As a result, young people who enter work which is classified as 'without training' at 16/17 have largely been ignored. However, the decision to Raise the Participation Age (RPA) for continuing in learning for all 17-year olds from 2013 and for all 18-year olds from 2015 in England, together with a growing unease about the impact of the current recession on youth unemployment rates, have revived interest in the 'jobs without training' (JWT) group. This paper draws on the findings from two studies: first, a qualitative study in two contrasting local labour markets, of young people in JWT, together with their employers and parents; and second, an evaluation of the Learning Agreement Pilots (LAP), which was the first policy initiative in England targeted at the JWT group. Both studies reveal a dearth of understanding about early labour market entrants and a lack of policy intervention and infrastructure to support the needs of the JWT group throughout the UK. From this, it is concluded that questionable assumptions have been made about the composition and the aspirations of young people in JWT, and their employers, on the basis of little or no evidence. As a consequence, a policy 'quick fix' to satisfy the RPA agenda will not easily be achieved. If the decision to raise the participation age is adopted also by the Welsh and Scottish parliaments, similar challenges may have to be faced

Topics: HD
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2010
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:2247

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (2007). Attachment to place: Social networks, mobility and prospects of young people. Joseph Rowntree Foundation,
  2. (2008). b) Evaluation of the Activity and Learning Agreement Pilot: Process Evaluation: Year One
  3. (1999). Bridging the Gap: New Opportunities for 16-18 Year Olds Not in Education, Employment or Training, Cm 4405,
  4. (2004). Building Better Connexions: Interagency work and the Connexions Service, doi
  5. (1986). Change and continuity in the youth labour market: A critical review of structural explanations of youth unemployment,
  6. (2008). Confederation of British Industry ( doi
  7. (2005). Disconnected Youth? Growing up in Britains Poor Neighbourhoods, doi
  8. (2007). Education and Skills doi
  9. (2003). Education Maintenance Allowance for Vulnerable Young People and Childcare Pilots: Implementation and Reported Impacts in the First Year. Norwich: Department for Education and Skills Research Report 396.
  10. (2003). Education Maintenance Allowance Transport Pilots
  11. (2009). Evaluation of the Activity Agreement Pilots Process Evaluation:
  12. (2009). Increasing Participation: Understanding Young People who do not Participate in Education or Training at 16 and 17, Department for Children, Schools and Families Research Report 072.
  13. (2005). Learning Agreement Pilot Delivery Specification.
  14. (2009). Learning Agreement Pilots Synthesis Report. London, Department for Children, Schools and Families Research Report 071.
  15. (2002). Literature Review of the Costs of Being Not
  16. (2008). Lost Talent Not in Education, Employment or Training, London: The British Chamber of Commerce (BCC).
  17. (2004). Modern Apprenticeships in the Retail Sector: Stresses, Strains and Support. doi
  18. (2009). Participation in Education, Training and Employment by 16-18 Year Olds in England.
  19. (2007). Patterns of Labour Market Entry: A comparative Perspective on School-toWork Transitions in 11 doi
  20. (2009). Post-16 Education & Skills: Learner Participation, Outcomes and Level of Highest Qualification Held. Statistical First Release:
  21. (2007). Raising the Participation Age in Education and Training to 18. Department for Children, Schools and Families (DCSF),
  22. (1988). Re-structuring the Labour Market: The Implications for Education and Training,
  23. (2006). Regional and sub-regional variation in NEETs reasons, remedies and impact, Learning and Skills Development Agency.
  24. (1990). Restructuring the labour market, The Implications for Youth, doi
  25. (1989). Scheming for Youth: A Study
  26. (1990). The Context of the Youth Training Scheme, doi
  27. (2001). The School-to-Work Transition. A Cross-National Perspective, doi
  28. (2003). the Underclass and Social Exclusion, Routledge, London. doi
  29. (1990). Transitions to Work: Results from a Longitudinal Study of Young People in Four Labour Markets,
  30. (2006). Understanding Young People in Jobs Without Training. Department for Education and Skills,
  31. (2005). Winners and Losers: young people in the new economy in Young People doi
  32. (2005). Young People not in Education, Employment or Training: Evidence from the Education Maintenance Allowance Pilots Database, Nottingham: Department for Education and Skills Research Report 628.
  33. (1995). Youth and Employment in Modern Britain.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.