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Hausdorff measure of arcs and Brownian motion on Brownian spatial trees

By David A. Croydon

Abstract

A Brownian spatial tree is defined to be a pair $(\mathcal{T},\phi)$, where $\mathcal{T}$ is the rooted real tree naturally associated with a Brownian excursion and φ is a random continuous function from $\mathcal{T}$ into ℝd such that, conditional on $\mathcal{T}$, φ maps each arc of $\mathcal{T}$ to the image of a Brownian motion path in ℝd run for a time equal to the arc length. It is shown that, in high dimensions, the Hausdorff measure of arcs can be used to define an intrinsic metric $d_{\mathcal{S}}$ on the set $\mathcal{S}:=\phi(\mathcal{T})$. Applications of this result include the recovery of the spatial tree $(\mathcal{T},\phi)$ from the set $\mathcal{S}$ alone, which implies in turn that a Dawson–Watanabe super-process can be recovered from its range. Furthermore, $d_{\mathcal{S}}$ can be used to construct a Brownian motion on $\mathcal{S}$, which is proved to be the scaling limit of simple random walks on related discrete structures. In particular, a limiting result for the simple random walk on the branching random walk is obtained

Topics: QA
Publisher: Institute of Mathematical Statistics
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:2260

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