Location of Repository

Hegel and Deleuze: immanence and otherness

By Christopher Groves


The thesis critically analyses the dominant foundationalist tendency of modern philosophy, with special reference to the sophisticated antifoundationalist critiques of foundationalism formulated by G.W.F. Hegel and Gilles Deleuze.\ud \ud It begins by outlining a general methodological aspect of foundationalism, regarding the necessity of radical self-critique in philosophy, which directly connects contemporary thought with Cartesianism, via classical German philosophy.\ud \ud In the philosophies of Kant, Fichte and Schelling, this self-critical project is transformed: they undertake to show that reason can, by examining itself, give an account of experience that is systematic, or consistent with itself. However, each of these thinkers fails to accomplish this, and indeed, the commitment to a priori foundations is itself undermined in Schelling's work; where a philosophical crisis of meaning (a 'trauma of reason', philosophical nihilism) emerges.\ud \ud Deleuze and Hegel's contrasting critiques of foundationalism, and their positive reconstructions of the standpoint of philosophy, are then interpreted as non-foundationalist attempts to overcome this internal crisis of foundationalist thought as inadvertently exposed by Schelling. Both criticise certain subjective presuppositions common to foundationalist philosophies, which they consider constitute a dogmatic 'image' of philosophy, a kind of transcendental illusion that is the guiding force behind foundationalism. Both also aim to replace this with a genuinely philosophical image.\ud \ud The thesis provides an original historical contextualisation of Deleuze's thought in relation to German Idealism, and Schelling in particular, with whom, it is argued, Deleuze has much in common. Deleuze's conception of pure difference is treated in this regard as a kind of 'absolute knowledge'. This contextualisation also allows the sometimes crudely understood antipathy between Hegel and Deleuze to be addressed in a more penetrating fashion, which shows that they have more in common in terms of their critical orientation than is usually supposed.\ud \ud The thesis concludes with a critical comparison of these thinkers, which argues that, although both succeed in their own terms, in relation to a criterion of self-consistency, Hegel's philosophy offers a more satisfactory treatment of the ontological and historical conditions of philosophical activity

Topics: BD
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:2473

Suggested articles



  1. 1. .1 Howard Caygill, A Kant Dictionary. doi
  2. (1990). 1740, A Treatise of Human Nature, doi
  3. (1994). 1810, in Werke, Bd. 7, s. 421-484, trans. 'Stuttgart Seminars', I'liornas Pfau,
  4. (1990). 275 Logique A sens, Paris, tditions de Minuit, 1969; trans. The Logýc ql-Sen-ve, Mark Lester and Cbarles Stivale, ed. Constanfin Boundas.
  5. (1992). 277 Foundalions of Tranycendental Philosopkv: (Wissenschqfislehre) Nova Methodo.
  6. 278 Enzykiopddie der philosophischen Wissen. vchqfien 1,1830, Werke, Bd. 8; trans. The Emqclopaedia Logic,
  7. 279 S"ch elling Sämtliche Werke, hrsg. Karl Friedrich Anton Schelling- Stuttgart, Cott& 1856-61-'Ideen zur einer Philosophie der -Natur', 1797,1803, in
  8. (1946). 280 'Die Weitalter', 1813, in Sämtliche Werke: in einer neuen Anordnung,
  9. (1929). 3, trans. Critique ofPure Reason, doi
  10. (1910). A Commentary on Hegel's Loýgic, Cambridge, doi
  11. (1984). A Study ql'Hegel's To,
  12. (1983). Absolute Knowledge: Hegel and the Problem oj', doi
  13. (1976). Activity and Ground: Fichte, Schelling and Hegel, doi
  14. (1990). An Essay Concerning Human Undervanding. doi
  15. (1983). An Introduction to the System of Freedom, doi
  16. (1994). Anti foundational i sm. Circularity and the Spirit of Fichte,
  17. (1994). Anti-Platonism and Art',
  18. (1977). Bouchard and Sherry Simon in Language, Counter-Memo, doi
  19. (1977). Bouchard and Sherry Simon in Language, Counter-Memorv, I-Iractice,
  20. (1995). Cambridge, doi
  21. (1980). CaPilalisme et -vchLophrJnie tome 2. - Mille p1meaux, Paris, tditions de MMUIt,
  22. (1994). Circles and Grounds in the Jena Wis. venschajislehre',
  23. (1999). Concept, Individuality and Truth,
  24. (1993). Constitution and Structure of Self-identity: Kant's Theory of Apperception and Hegel's Criticism'. doi
  25. (1994). Cutrofello, Discipline and Critique: Kant, Poststructuralism and ihe Problem (ý Resistance,
  26. Darstellung des Philosophischen Empinsmus, 1836, in Werke,
  27. (1954). Das Verhältnis des späten Schelling zu Hegel: Scheilings Spekulation über den Satz',
  28. Deleuze 'Analyse de Logique ei existence par Jean Hyppolite', Revue philosophique de la France ei de l'itranger, 94,1954;
  29. (1993). Deleuze and Empiricism', Journal qj' the British Socien,
  30. (1989). Deleuze and Guallari,
  31. (1996). Deleuze-Bergson: An Ontology of the Virtual', doi
  32. (1977). Die Differenz zwischen dem Fichteschen und Schellingschen System der Philosophie', 1801, in Werke, Bd. 2, s. 9-138, trans. The Dýftýrence Between Fichie's and Schelling's Syslem of
  33. (1968). Die innere Bewegung der absoluten Identität bei Schelling,
  34. Einleitung zu seinem Entwurf eines System derNaturphilosophie, 1799,
  35. (1975). Ekilase und Gelassenheit: zu Schelling und Heidegger,
  36. (1988). Evsqyv and Letlers on Theorv,
  37. (1994). Fichte's Dialectical Imagination',
  38. (1994). Fichte's Discovery of the Dialectical Method',
  39. (1992). Foucault's Nietz: schean Genealogy: Truth, Power anti the Subject,
  40. (1972). Freiheit und Kausalität bei Schelling. doi
  41. (1954). Fuhnnans, Scheilings Philosophie der Weltalter,
  42. (1999). Germinal Lift: The Dýfference and Repetition of Deleuze,
  43. Gilles Deleuze and the Redemption From Interest',
  44. (1998). Gilles Deleuze, doi
  45. (1993). Gilles Deleuzze: An Apprenticeship in Philosopkv, London,
  46. (1993). Grounding for the Melaphysics of Morals, James W.
  47. Grtmdlage der gesamten Wissenschaftslehre', 1794, Werke,
  48. Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten`, 1785, in doi
  49. (1975). Hegel, Cambridge, doi
  50. (1976). Hegel: A Non-MetaphySical Vlew',
  51. (1980). Hegel: From Foundation to System, The Hague, Marfinus Nijhoff,
  52. (1993). Hegel's Phenomenological Method', doi
  53. (1996). Hegel'V Logic: Between Dialectic and History. Evanston,
  54. (1976). Hegels Grundoperation, in Der Idealismus und seine Gegenwart: Fesischrififfir Wemer Marx, Ute Guzzom, Bembard Rang
  55. (1973). Hegels Idee einer Phdnomenologie des Geisles.
  56. Hegels Kritik an Schelling, doi
  57. (1994). Hegels Wissenschafi der Logik - meiap4j, %i, ýc-he 1, etzbegrün(Jung odei Theorie Logischer Forrnen?,
  58. (1997). HegSI's Ethics of Recognition, Berkeley-
  59. (1994). Heidegger's Appropriafion of Schelling', doi
  60. (1989). Heraclitus and Marx's Dialeclic, Heinel Hempstead, Harvester Wheatsheaf,
  61. (1995). Hisimy of Weslern Philosop4y,
  62. (1992). Hislory: An Inlroduchon Io Hegel,
  63. (1988). Ideas For a Philosopkv qf Nature, Effol
  64. (1990). Imagination and Interpretation in Kant: The Hermeneulical Import of the Critique ofJudgemew, doi
  65. (1985). Immanuel Kant: Philosopki, of Material Nature,
  66. (1988). In Praise of Philosopkv and Oiher h's, voYs,
  67. (1980). Introduction to the Reading qf doi
  68. (1974). IýIudes sur Fichte,
  69. (1983). Kant's Transcendental Idealism: An Interpretation and Deftnce,
  70. (1918). KaWv Lik and Thought, trans. James Haden,
  71. (1990). L'xpressionism in Philosopkv: Spinoza,
  72. (1956). La conception de la diff6rence chez Bergson', Les Iýtudes Bergsomennes,
  73. (1960). La pensee ei la mouvant, Paris, Presses UnIversitaires de France,
  74. (1963). La philosophie critique de Kant: Doctrine des _fficullis, Pans, Presses Universitaires de France,
  75. (1962). la philosophie, Pans, Presses Universitaires de France, doi
  76. (1971). liege] und H61derim', in Heael im Komen.
  77. Logik 1812,1831, Werke,
  78. (1993). Making it With Death: Remarks on T'hanatos and Desinng-Production', Journal qf the Brilish Societv.
  79. (1994). Me Wissenscha I rfislehre of 1801-2',
  80. (1994). Modernity: Philosophical Evscwv.
  81. (1990). Neuhouser, Fichle'y Theorv oj'Subjectillitv. Cambridge, Cambridge Universit-N, are. A i'ss,
  82. (1983). New York Louis-Ferdinand C6fine, Joumey to Me End c? fthe Ni,
  83. (1986). Nietz-sche and the Crilicism oj- Melqp4lwics. Cambridge,
  84. Ober die Geschichte der neueren Philosophie`, 1833-4, in Werke, doi
  85. (1988). oder der sogenannten Philosophie', 1794, Werke, doi
  86. (1993). Of Lingenng Eyes and Talking Things: Adorno and Deletize mi Philosophy since Auschwitz', Philosopkv Todqv, doi
  87. (1995). On the Finitude of the Fichte-an Self, in Karl Arneriks and Dieter Stunna., eds., The Modem Subject: Conceptions ol theSelf'in Classical German Philoscývhy,
  88. (1994). On the Genealogy of Morahjý-, trans. Carol Diethe,
  89. (1995). Original Duplicity: The Ideal and Real doi
  90. (1991). Ou'esl-ce que la philosophie", Paris, tditions de Minuit, doi
  91. (1966). Pans, Presses Universitaires de France,
  92. (1995). Paris, tditions de M-inuiý 1990; trarts. Negotiatiom 197-1-1990,
  93. (1994). Phdosqphýv Without Foundations: Rethinkjiýg Hegel,
  94. (1995). Philosophical Foundations of Early Romanticism,
  95. (1995). Philosophizing the Double-Bind: Deleuze Reads Nietzsche'. doi
  96. (1980). Philosopkv and the Mirror ofNature,
  97. (1956). praktischen Vernunft', 1788, in Werke,
  98. (1968). Presses Umversitaires de France,
  99. (1975). Prison Writings,
  100. (1997). Reason and Revolulion: Hegel and Me Rise ol'Social Theory. '\e\\ Jersey,
  101. (1992). Recognition: Fichte and Hegel on the Other, doi
  102. (1996). Robert Pippin, Hegel's Idealism: The Saiisfacfions of Selj-Consciousness, doi
  103. (1995). Sch-iik NjeLzsche's French Legacy: A Genealogý,
  104. (1993). Schelling and Modern European Philosophy An Inlroduchon, doi
  105. (1989). Schelling's Treatise on the Essence qt'Human Freedom trans. Joan Stambaugh, doi
  106. (1993). Slavoj 2i: kek, Tartying with the Negative: Kant, Hegel and the Critique of'Ideologv [n. p. ], Duke UMVersity Press,
  107. (1969). Spekulation und Reflektion: Zur Zusammenarbeit Schellings und Hegels m Jena',
  108. (1977). Spekulative Logik und positive Philosophie: Thesen zur Auseinandersetzung des späten Schelling nut Hegel', Hegel-Studien, Beiheft 17,
  109. (1994). System der Philosophie überhaupt und der Naturphilosophie insbesondere`, 1804, in Werke,
  110. System des transzendentalen Ideallsmus, 1800,
  111. (1997). T'Inimanence: une vie... ', Philosophie 47,1995,
  112. (1998). Tbe Attainment of the Absolute Standpoint in Hegel's Phenonemology',
  113. (1994). Terry Pinkard, Hegel's Phenomenology: The Sociality of Reason, doi
  114. (1993). Thc System and its Fracturcs: Gilics DeIcuzc on Othemess'.
  115. (1987). The Fate of Reason: German Philosopki, I-rom Kant to hkhte, Cwnbridge (Massachusefts),
  116. (1992). The Genesis of Kam's Crilique ofJudgemeni,
  117. (1996). The Indivisible Remainder An Essay on Schelling and Relaied Matters,
  118. (1993). The Passion qI'Michel Foucault,
  119. (1992). The Philosophy of (the Theatre of) Cruelty in Gilles Deleuze's Dj&rence and Repetition',
  120. (1961). The Reason, The Undersiandink, and Dme, Baltimore. The Johw, Hopkins Press,
  121. (1998). The Verv Idea of the Idea of Nature, or, Why Hegel is not an Idealist',
  122. (1968). The Will to doi
  123. Theatnim doi
  124. (1997). Thejize, ý ofihe World,
  125. (1924). trans. 'Concerning the Difference Between the Spirit and the Letter Within Philosophy', 1794, in Earýv Philosophical Writings,
  126. (1988). trans. 'Review of Aenesidemus', doi
  127. (1936). Über das Wesen der menschlichen Freiheit, 1809, in Werke, doi
  128. Über den Unterschied des Geistes und des Buchstaberns in der Philosophie',
  129. (1993). Vanations: la philosophie de Gilles Deleuze, Pans, Editions Pavots et Rivages,
  130. (1976). Was ist Metaphysik?, in Wegmarken, Frankfurt am Main,
  131. (1974). Werke, doi
  132. (1977). With Claire PamM Dialogues. Paris, Flammarion.
  133. (1998). With Fdlix Guattari, Capitafisme el schL-ophrJnie tome 1: LAnti-Oedipe, Paris, tditions de Minuit 1972; trans. Anti0edipus: Capitalism

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.