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Fermi LAT observations of the Geminga pulsar

By A. A. Abdo, Markus Ackermann, Marco Ajello, Luca Baldini, J. Ballet, Guido Barbiellini, D. Bastieri, B. M. Baughman, K. Bechtol, R. Bellazzini, B. Berenji, G. F. Bignami, R. D. Blandford, E. D. Bloom, E. Bonamente, A. W. Borgland, J. Bregeon, A. Brez, M. Brigida, P. Bruel, T. H. Burnett, G. A. Caliandro, R. A. Cameron, P. A. Caraveo, J. M. Casandjian, C. Cecchi, O. Celik, E. Charles, A. Chekhtman, C. C. Cheung, J. Chiang, S. Ciprini, R. Claus, J. Cohen-Tanugi, J. Conrad, C. D. Dermer, F. De Palma, M. Dormody, E. Do Couto E Silva, P. S. Drell, R. Dubois, D. Dumora, Y. Edmonds, C. Farnier, C. Favuzzi, S. J. Fegan, W. B. Focke, P. Fortin, M. Frailis, Y. Fukazawa, S. Funk, P. Fusco, F. Gargano, D. Gasparrini, N. Gehrels, S. Germani, G. Giavitto, N. Giglietto, F. Giordano, T. Glanzman, G. Godfrey, I. A. Grenier, M.-H. Grondin, J. E. Grove, L. Guillemot, S. Guiriec, D. Hadasch, A. K. Harding, E. Hays, R. E. Hughes, G. Johannesson, A. S. Johnson, T. J. Johnson, W. N. Johnson, T. Kamae, H. Katagiri, J. Kataoka, N. Kawai, M. Kerr, J. Knodlseder, M. Kuss, J. Lande, L. Latronico, M. Lemoine-Goumard, F. Longo, F. Loparco, B. Lott, M. N. Lovellette, P. Lubrano, A. Makeev, M. Marelli, M. N. Mazziotta, J. E. Mcenery, C. Meurer, P. F. Michelson, W. Mitthumsiri, T. Mizuno, A. A. Moiseev, C. Monte, M. E. Monzani, A. Morselli, I. V. Moskalenko, S. Murgia, P. L. Nolan, J. P. Norris, E. Nuss, T. Ohsugi, N. Omodei, E. Orlando, J. F. Ormes, M. Ozaki, D. Paneque, J. H. Panetta, D. Parent, V. Pelassa, M. Pepe, M. Pesce-Rollins, F. Piron, T.A. Porter, S. Raino, R. Rando, P. S. Ray, M. Razzano, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, T. Reposeur, L. S. Rochester, A. Y. Rodriguez, R. W. Romani, M. Roth, F. Ryde, H. F.-W. Sadrozinski, A. Sander, P. M. Saz Parkinson, J. D. Scargle, C. Sgro, E. J. Siskind, David Stanley Smith, P. D. Smith, G. Spandre, P. Spinelli, M. S. Strickman, D. J. Suson, H. Takahashi, T. Takahashi, T. Tanaka, J. B. Thayer, J. G. Thayer, D. J. Thompson, L. Tibaldo, D. F. Torres, G. Tosti, A. Tramacere, T. L. Usher, A. Van Etten, V. Vasileiou, C. Venter, N. Vilchez, V. Vitale, A. P. Waite, P. Wang, K. Watters, B. L. Winer, K. S. Wood, T. Ylinen and M. Ziegler

Abstract

32 pages, 12 figures, 3 tables. Accepted for publication in The Astrophysical Journal. Corresponding authors: Denis Dumora (dumora@cenbg.in2p3.fr), Fabio Gargano (Fabio.Gargano@ba.infn.it), Massimiliano Razzano (massimiliano.razzano@pi.infn.it)We report on the \textit{Fermi}-LAT observations of the Geminga pulsar, the second brightest non-variable GeV source in the $\gamma$-ray sky and the first example of a radio-quiet $\gamma$-ray pulsar. The observations cover one year, from the launch of the $Fermi$ satellite through 2009 June 15. A data sample of over 60,000 photons enabled us to build a timing solution based solely on $\gamma$ rays. Timing analysis shows two prominent peaks, separated by $\Delta \phi$ = 0.497 $\pm$ 0.004 in phase, which narrow with increasing energy. Pulsed $\gamma$ rays are observed beyond 18 GeV, precluding emission below 2.7 stellar radii because of magnetic absorption. The phase-averaged spectrum was fitted with a power law with exponential cut-off of spectral index $\Gamma$ = (1.30 $\pm$ 0.01 $\pm$ 0.04), cut-off energy $E_{0}$ = (2.46 $\pm$ 0.04 $\pm$ 0.17) GeV and an integral photon flux above 0.1 GeV of (4.14 $\pm$ 0.02 $\pm$ 0.32) $\times$ 10$^{-6}$ cm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$. The first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic. The phase-resolved spectroscopy shows a clear evolution of the spectral parameters, with the spectral index reaching a minimum value just before the leading peak and the cut-off energy having maxima around the peaks. Phase-resolved spectroscopy reveals that pulsar emission is present at all rotational phases. The spectral shape, broad pulse profile, and maximum photon energy favor the outer magnetospheric emission scenarios

Topics: pulsars: general, pulsars: individual (PSR J0633+1746, gamma rays: stars, Geminga), [PHYS.ASTR.HE] Physics [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena [astro-ph.HE], [SDU.ASTR.HE] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena [astro-ph.HE]
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1088/0004-637X
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:in2p3-00530035v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
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