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Relaxation time distributions for an anomalously diffusing particle

By Noëlle Pottier

Abstract

17 pagesInternational audienceAs well known, the generalized Langevin equation with a memory kernel decreasing at large times as an inverse power law of time describes the motion of an anomalously diffusing particle. Here, we focus attention on some new aspects of the dynamics, successively considering the memory kernel, the particle's mean velocity, and the scattering function. All these quantities are studied from a unique angle, namely, the discussion of the possible existence of a distribution of relaxation times characterizing their time decay. Although a very popular concept, a relaxation time distribution cannot be associated with any time-decreasing quantity (from a mathematical point of view, the decay has to be described by a completely monotonic function). Technically, we use a memory kernel decaying as a Mittag-Leffler function (the Mittag-Leffler functions interpolate between stretched or compressed exponential behaviour at short times and inverse power law behaviour at large times). We show that, in the case of a subdiffusive motion, relaxation time distributions can be defined for the memory kernel and for the scattering function, but not for the particle's mean velocity. The situation is opposite in the superdiffusive case

Topics: Anomalous diffusion, Mittag-Leffler decay, relaxation time distributions, [ PHYS.COND.CM-SM ] Physics [physics]/Condensed Matter [cond-mat]/Statistical Mechanics [cond-mat.stat-mech]
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.physa.2011.03.029
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-00594695v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot

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