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Measurement of the Group Velocity of Light in Sea Water at the ANTARES Site

By S. Adrián-Martínez, I. Al Samarai, A. Albert, M. André, M. Anghinolfi, G. Anton, S. Anvar, M. Ardid, A.C. Assis Jesus, T. Astraatmadja, J.-J. Aubert, B. Baret, S. Basa, V. Bertin, S. Biagi, A. Bigi, C. Bigongiari, C. Bogazzi, M. Bou-Cabo, B. Bouhou, M.C. Bouwhuis, J. Brunner, J. Busto, F. Camarena, A. Capone, C. Cârloganu, G. Carminati, J. Carr, S. Cecchini, Z. Charif, Ph. Charvis, T. Chiarusi, M. Circella, H. Costantini, P. Coyle, C. Curtil, G. De Bonis, M.P. Decowski, I. Dekeyser, Anne Deschamps, C. Distefano, C. Donzaud, D. Dornic, Q. Dorosti, D. Drouhin, T. Eberl, U. Emanuele, A. Enzenhöfer, J.-P. Ernenwein, S. Escoffier, P. Fermani, M. Ferri, V. Flaminio, F. Folger, U. Fritsch, J.-L. Fuda, S. Galatà, Pascal Gay, K. Geyer, G. Giacomelli, V. Giordano, J.P. Gómez-González, K. Graf, G. Guillard, G. Halladjian, G. Hallewell, H. Van Haren, J. Hartman, A.J. Heijboer, Y. Hello, J.J. Hernández-Rey, B. Herold, J. Hößl, C.C. Hsu, M. De Jong, M. Kadler, O. Kalekin, A. Kappes, U. Katz, O. Kavatsyuk, P. Kooijman, C. Kopper, A. Kouchner, I. Kreykenbohm, V. Kulikovskiy, R. Lahmann, P. Lamare, G. Larosa, D. Lattuada, D. Lefèvre, G. Lim, D. Lo Presti, H. Loehner, S. Loucatos, S. Mangano, M. Marcelin, A. Margiotta, J.A. Martínez-Mora, J.E. McMillan, A. Meli, T. Montaruli, L. Moscoso, H. Motz, M. Neff, E. Nezri, D. Palioselitis, G.E. Păvălaş, K. Payet, P. Payre, J. Petrovic, P. Piattelli, N. Picot-Clemente, V. Popa, T. Pradier, E. Presani, C. Racca, C. Reed, G. Riccobene, C. Richardt, R. Richter, C. Rivière, A. Robert, K. Roensch, A. Rostovtsev, J. Ruiz-Rivas, M. Rujoiu, G.V. Russo, F. Salesa, D.F.E. Samtleben, P. Sapienza, F. Schöck, J.-P. Schuller, F. Schüssler, T. Seitz, R. Shanidze, F. Simeone, A. Spies, M. Spurio, J.J.M. Steijger, Th. Stolarczyk, A. Sánchez-Losa, M. Taiuti, C. Tamburini, L.F. Thompson, S. Toscano, B. Vallage, V. Van Elewyck, G. Vannoni, M. Vecchi, P. Vernin, S. Wagner, G. Wijnker, J. Wilms, E. De Wolf, H. Yepes, D. Zaborov, J.D. Zornoza and J. Zúñiga

Abstract

The group velocity of light has been measured at eight different wavelengths between 385 nm and 532 nm in the Mediterranean Sea at a depth of about 2.2 km with the ANTARES optical beacon systems. A parametrisation of the dependence of the refractive index on wavelength based on the salinity, pressure and temperature of the sea water at the ANTARES site is in good agreement with these measurements

Topics: ANTARES, Neutrino telescope, Optical beacon system, Velocity of light, Refractive index, [ PHYS.ASTR.IM ] Physics [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysic [astro-ph.IM], [ SDU.ASTR.IM ] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysic [astro-ph.IM], [ SDU.ASTR.HE ] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena [astro-ph.HE], [ PHYS.ASTR.HE ] Physics [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena [astro-ph.HE]
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2012
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2011.12.003
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:in2p3-00660651v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
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