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Discovery of an Energetic 38.5 ms Pulsar Powering the Gamma-ray Source IGR J18490-0000/HESS J1849-000

By E. V. Gotthelf, J. P. Halpern, R. Terrier and F. Mattana

Abstract

5 pages, 5 figures, Latex emulateapj style. To be published in the Astrophysical Journal Letters. Accepted version, includes additional data for a more accurate timing measurementInternational audienceWe report the discovery of a 38.5 ms X-ray pulsar in observations of the soft gamma-ray source IGR J18490-0000 with the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE). PSR J1849-0001 is spinning down rapidly with period derivative 1.42E-14 s/s, yielding a spin-down luminosity 9.8E36 erg/s, characteristic age 42.9 kyr, and surface dipole magnetic field strength 7.5E11 G. Within the INTEGRAL/IBIS error circle lies a point-like XMM-Newton and Chandra X-ray source that shows evidence of faint extended emission consistent with a pulsar wind nebula (PWN). The XMM-Newton spectrum of the point source is well fitted by an absorbed power-law model with photon index Gamma(PSR) = 1.1 +/- 0.2, N_H = (4.3+/-0.6)E22 cm^-2, and F(PSR;2-10keV) = (3.8+/-0.3)E-12 erg/s/cm^2, while the spectral parameters of the extended emission are Gamma(PWN) = 2.1 and F(PWN;2-10 keV) = 9E-13 erg/s/cm^2. IGR J18490-0000 is also coincident with the compact TeV source HESS J1849-000. For an assumed distance of 7 kpc in the Scutum arm tangent region, the 0.35-10 TeV luminosity of HESS J1849-000 is 0.13% of the pulsar's spin down energy, while the ratio F(0.35-10 TeV)/F(PWN; 2-10 keV) of approx. 2. These properties are consistent with leptonic models of TeV emission from PWNe, with PSR J1849-0001 in a stage of transition from a synchrotron X-ray source to an inverse Compton gamma-ray source

Topics: [ PHYS.ASTR.HE ] Physics [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena [astro-ph.HE], [ SDU.ASTR.HE ] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena [astro-ph.HE]
Publisher: HAL CCSD
Year: 2011
DOI identifier: 10.1088/2041-8205
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-00670028v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
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