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Proliferation of sharp kinks on cosmic (super)string loops with junctions

By P. Binétruy, A. Bohé, T. Hertog and D.A. Steer

Abstract

27 pages, 14 figuresInternational audienceMotivated by their effect on the gravitational wave signal emitted by cosmic strings, we study the dynamics of kinks on strings of different tensions meeting at junctions. The propagation of a kink through a Y junction leads to the formation of three "daughter" kinks. Assuming a uniform distribution of the incoming wave vectors at the junction, we find there is a significant region of configuration space in which the sharpness of at least one of the daughter kinks is enhanced relative to the sharpness of the initial kink. For closed loops with junctions we show this leads to an exponential growth in time of very sharp kinks. Using numerical simulations of realistic, evolving cosmic string loops with junctions to calculate the distribution of kink amplitudes as a function of time, we show that loops of this kind typically develop several orders of magnitude of very sharp kinks before the two junctions collide. This collision, or other effects such as gravitational backreaction, may end the proliferation

Topics: Particle-theory and field-theory models of the early Universe, Extended classical solutions, cosmic strings, domain walls, texture, [ PHYS.HTHE ] Physics [physics]/High Energy Physics - Theory [hep-th]
Publisher: American Physical Society
Year: 2010
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PHYSREVD.82.083524
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-00716534v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
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