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Direct measurement of backgrounds using reactor-off data in Double Chooz

By Y. Abe, C. Aberle, J. C. Dos Anjos, J. C. Barriere, M. Bergevin, A. Bernstein, T. J. C. Bezerra, L. Bezrukhov, E. Blucher, N. S. Bowden, C. Buck, J. Busenitz, A. Cabrera, E. Caden, L. Camilleri, R. Carr, M. Cerrada, P.-J. Chang, P. Chimenti, T. Classen, A. P. Collin, E. Conover, J. M. Conrad, J. I. Crespo-Anadón, K. Crum, A. Cucoanes, M. V. D'Agostino, E. Damon, J.V. Dawson, S. Dazeley, D. Dietrich, Z. Djurcic, M. Dracos, V. Durand, J. Ebert, Y. Efremenko, M. Elnimr, A. Erickson, A. Etenko, M. Fallot, M. Fechner, F. Von Feilitzsch, J. Felde, S. M. Fernandes, V. Fischer, D. Franco, A. J. Franke, M. Franke, H. Furuta, R. Gama, I. Gil-Botella, L. Giot, M. Göger-Neff, L. F. G. Gonzalez, L. Goodenough, M. C. Goodman, J. T. M. Goon, D. Greiner, N. Haag, S. Habib, C. Hagner, T. Hara, F. X. Hartmann, J. Haser, A. Hatzikoutelis, T. Hayakawa, M. Hofmann, G. A. Horton-Smith, A. Hourlier, M. Ishitsuka, J. Jochum, C. Jollet, C. L. Jones, F. Kaether, L. N. Kalousis, Y. Kamyshkov, D. M. Kaplan, T. Kawasaki, G. Keefer, E. Kemp, H. De Kerret, Y. Kibe, T. Konno, D. Kryn, M. Kuze, T. Lachenmaier, C. E. Lane, C. Langbrandtner, T. Lasserre, A. Letourneau, D. Lhuillier, H. P. Lima, M. Lindner, J. M. López-Castaño, J. M. Losecco, B. K. Lubsandorzhiev, S. Lucht, D. Mckee, J. Maeda, C. N. Maesano, C. Mariani, J. Maricic, J. Martin, T. Matsubara, G. Mention, A. Meregaglia, M. Meyer, T. Miletic, R. Milincic, H. Miyata, Th. A. Mueller, Y. Nagasaka, K. Nakajima, P. Novella, M. Obolensky, L. Oberauer, A. Onillon, A. Osborn, I. Ostrovskiy, C. Palomares, I. M. Pepe, S. Perasso, P. Perrin, P. Pfahler, A. Porta, W. Potzel, G. Pronost, J. Reichenbacher, B. Reinhold, A. Remoto, M. Röhling, R. Roncin, S. Roth, B. Rybolt, Y. Sakamoto, R. Santorelli, F. Sato, S. Schönert, S. Schoppmann, T. Schwetz, M. H. Shaevitz, S. Shimojima, D. Shrestha, J.-L. Sida, V. Sinev, M. Skorokhvatov, E. Smith, J. Spitz, A. Stahl, I. Stancu, L. F. F. Stokes, M. Strait, A. Stüken, F. Suekane, S. Sukhotin, T. Sumiyoshi, Y. Sun, R. Svoboda, K. Terao, A. Tonazzo, M. Toups, H. H. Trinh Thi, G. Valdiviesso, C. Veyssiere, S. Wagner, H. Watanabe, B. White, C. Wiebusch, L. Winslow, M. Worcester, M. Wurm, Frédéric Yermia and V. Zimmer

Abstract

Double Chooz is unique among modern reactor-based neutrino experiments studying ν̅ e disappearance in that data can be collected with all reactors off. In this paper, we present data from 7.53 days of reactor-off running. Applying the same selection criteria as used in the Double Chooz reactor-on oscillation analysis, a measured background rate of 1.0±0.4 events/day is obtained. The background model for accidentals, cosmogenic β-n-emitting isotopes, fast neutrons from cosmic muons, and stopped-μ decays used in the oscillation analysis is demonstrated to be correct within the uncertainties. Kinematic distributions of the events, which are dominantly cosmic-ray-produced correlated-background events, are provided. The background rates are scaled to the shielding depths of two other reactor-based oscillation experiments, Daya Bay and RENO

Topics: [ PHYS.HEXP ] Physics [physics]/High Energy Physics - Experiment [hep-ex], [ PHYS.PHYS.PHYS-INS-DET ] Physics [physics]/Physics [physics]/Instrumentation and Detectors [physics.ins-det], [ SDU.ASTR.IM ] Sciences of the Universe [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysic [astro-ph.IM], [ PHYS.ASTR.IM ] Physics [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph]/Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysic [astro-ph.IM]
Publisher: American Physical Society
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevD.87.011102
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:in2p3-00771651v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
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