International audienceBubR1 is a critical component of the spindle assembly checkpoint, the surveillance mechanism that helps maintain the high fidelity of mitotic chromosome segregation by preventing cells from initiating anaphase if one or more kinetochores are not attached to the spindle. BubR1 also helps promote the establishment of stable kinetochore-microtubule attachments during prometaphase. In this chapter, we review the structure, functions, and regulation of BubR1 in these "classical roles" at the kinetochore. We discuss its recruitment to kinetochores, its assembly into the inhibitor of anaphase progression, and the importance of its posttranslational modifications. We also consider the evidence for its participation in other roles beyond mitosis, such as the meiosis-specific processes of recombination and prophase arrest of the first meiotic division, the cellular response to DNA damage, and in the regulation of centrosome and basal body function. Finally, studies are presented linking BubR1 dysfunction or misregulation to aging and human disease, particularly cancer
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