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Strongly correlated dynamics in multichannel quantum RC circuits

By Prasenjit Dutt, Thomas L. Schmidt, Christophe Mora and Karyn Le Hur

Abstract

17 pages, 2 figuresInternational audienceWe examine dissipation effects in a multichannel quantum RC circuit, comprising a cavity or single-electron box capacitively coupled to a gate and connected to a reservoir lead via several conducting channels. Depending on the engineering details of the quantum RC circuit, the number of channels contributing to transport vary, as do the form of the interchannel couplings. For low-frequency AC transport, the charge-relaxation resistance ($R_{q}$) is a nontrivial function of the parameters of the system. However, in the vicinity of the charge degeneracy points and for weak tunneling, we find as a result of cross-mode mixing or channel asymmetry that $R_q$ becomes universal for a metallic cavity at low temperatures, and equals the unit of quantum resistance. To prove this universality we map the system to an effective one-channel Kondo model, and construct an analogy with the Coulomb gas. Next, we probe the opposite regime of near-perfect transmission using a bosonization approach. Focussing on the two-channel case, we study the effect of backscattering at the lead-dot interface, more specifically, the role of an asymmetry in the backscattering amplitudes, and make a connection with the weak tunneling regime near the charge degeneracy points

Topics: [ PHYS.COND.CM-GEN ] Physics [physics]/Condensed Matter [cond-mat]/Other [cond-mat.other]
Publisher: American Physical Society
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.155134
OAI identifier: oai:HAL:hal-00972580v1
Provided by: Hal-Diderot
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