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A Dissection of Pacing in Zoo-Housed Polar Bears: How Details of the Behavior Can Suggest Motivational and Causal Factors

By Isabelle T Cless
Topics: Animals, Zoology, Welfare, Animal Sciences, Polar bear, Animal welfare, Zoo animal, Stereotypic behavior, Abnormal behavior, Step cycle, Pacing gait
Publisher: Case Western Reserve University School of Graduate Studies / OhioLINK
Year: 2015
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