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Honokiol suppresses metastasis of renal cell carcinoma by targeting KISS1/KISS1R signaling

By Shujie Cheng, Victor Castillo, Isaac Eliaz and Daniel Sliva

Abstract

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a common urological cancer worldwide and is known to have a high risk of metastasis, which is considered responsible for more than 90% of cancer associated deaths. Honokiol is a small-molecule biphenol isolated from Magnolia spp. bark and has been shown to be a potential anticancer agent involved in multiple facets of signal transduction. In this study, we demonstrated that honokiol inhibited the invasion and colony formation of highly metastatic RCC cell line 786-0 in a dose-dependent manner. DNA-microarray data showed the significant upregulation of metastasis-suppressor gene KISS1 and its receptor, KISS1R. The upregulation was confirmed by qRT-PCR analysis. Overexpression of KISS1 and KISS1R was detected by western blotting at the translation level as well. Of note, the decreased invasive and colonized capacities were reversed by KISS1 knockdown. Taken together, the results first indicate that activation of KISS1/KISS1R signaling by honokiol suppresses multistep process of metastasis, including invasion and colony formation, in RCC cells 786-0. Honokiol may be considered as a natural agent against RCC metastasis

Topics: Honokiol, Renal cell carcinoma, Metastasis, KISS1, KISS1R
Publisher: Spandidos Publications
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.3892/ijo.2015.2950
OAI identifier: oai:scholarworks.iupui.edu:1805/10183
Provided by: IUPUIScholarWorks

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