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HUMAN ADIPOSE-DERIVED STEM CELLS ATTENUATE CIGARETTE SMOKE INDUCED BONE MARROW HYPOPLASIA VIA SECRETION OF ANTI-INFLAMMATORY CYTOKINE TSG-6

By Jie Xie, Irina Petrache, Hal E. Broxmeyer, Keith L. March, Dongni Feng, Todd G. Cook, Kelly Schweitzer and Brian H. Johnstone

Abstract

poster abstractIntroduction We have previously observed bone marrow (BM) hypo-plasia in a murine model of chronic smoking, which was ameliorated by mu-rine adipose-derived stromal cells (ASC). This study was designed to test the hypothesis that ASC exert their marrow protective effects through key paracrine factors. Methods Mice (NSG or C57BL/6) were exposed to ciga-rette smoke (CS) for 1 day to 6 months. Human ASC or ASC conditioned media were administered through intravenous (i.v.) or intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections. Secretion of TSG-6 from ASC in response to TNF alpha and IL-1 beta were measured by ELISA. Expression of TSG-6 in ASC was knocked down by siRNA. BM hematopoietic progenitors were quantified by colony forming-unit assays. Possible engrafted human ASC in mouse BM were ex-amined by anti-human nuclei staining. Results The myelossupressive effect of cigarette smoking occurred acutely (1 day: 65.6% of nonsmoking control, NSC, p<0.01) and worsened with prolonged exposure (3 days: 34.3% NSC, p<0.01). Such damage could be ameliorated with either ASC (111.0% NSC, p>0.05) or ASC conditioned media (105.7% NSC, p>0.05). Inflammatory cytokines (TNF alpha and IL-1 beta) elevated in smokers (Kuschner et al, 1996; de Maat et al, 2002) demonstrated strong cross-species stimulatory effects on secretions of an anti-inflammatory cytokine, TSG-6 from ASC (TNF alpha: 8.7 +/- 1.3 fold, IL-1 beta: 8.2 +/- 1.1 fold). Knocking down TSG-6 (>90%) abolished the marrow-protective effect of ASC. No human cells were detected in recipient mouse bone marrow. Conclusions The pro-tective effects of ASC against smoking-induced myelosuppression are medi-ated by trophic factors rather than cell engraftment or differentiation. TSG-6 appears to play a significant role in the modulatory pathway: smoke--inflammatory cytokine release--TSG6 secretion from ASC--bone marrow protection

Topics: bone marrow (BM), chronic smoking, adipose-derived stromal cells (ASC), Inflammatory cytokines
Publisher: Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research
Year: 2012
OAI identifier: oai:scholarworks.iupui.edu:1805/8167
Provided by: IUPUIScholarWorks

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