Pro-EMAP II, one component of the Multi-Aminoacyl tRNA Synthetase (MSC) Complex, plays multiple roles in physiological and pathological processes of protein translation, signal transduction, immunity, lung development and tumor growth. Recent studies determined that pro-EMAP II has an essential role in maintaining axon integrity in central and peripheral neural systems where deletion of pro-EMAP IIs C-terminus was reported in a consanguineous Israeli Bedouin kindred suffering from Pelizaeus-Merzbacher-like disease. We hypothesized that pro-EMAP IIs N-terminus had an important role in the regulation of protein-protein interactions. Using a GFP reporter system, we defined a putative leucine-zipper in the N-terminus of human pro-EMAP II protein (amino acid residues 1-70), which can form specific strip-like punctate structures. Through GFP punctate analysis, we uncovered that pro-EMAP IIs C-terminus (147-312 amino acid residues) can repress the GFP punctate formation. Pull-down assays confirmed the binding between pro-EMAP II N-terminus and its C-terminus is mediated by a putative leucine-zipper. Furthermore, the pro-EMAP II 1-70 aa region was identified as the binding partner of the arginyl-tRNA synthetase (RARS), a polypeptide of MSC complex. We also determined that the punctate GFP pro-EMAP II 1-70aa aggregate co-localizes and binds to the neurofilament light (NFL) subunit protein that is associated with pathologic neurofilament network disorganization and degeneration of motor neurons. These findings indicate the structure and binding interaction of Pro-EMAP II protein and suggest a role of this protein in the pathological neurodegenerative diseases
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