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Trust modelling through social sciences

By Abeer Kalash

Abstract

Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)In today's fast paced world, people have become increasingly interested in online communication to facilitate their lives and make it faster. This goes on from simple social interactions to more advanced actions like shopping on the internet. The presence of such activities makes it crucial for people to use their common sense and judgment to process all this information and evaluate what/who they trust and what/whom they do not. This process would have been much easier if the number of people in such networks is really small and manageable. However, there are millions of users who are hooked online every day. This makes the person very overwhelmed with his trusting decision, especially when it comes to interacting with strangers over the internet, and/or buying personal items, especially expensive ones. Therefore, many trust models have been proposed by computer scientists trying to evaluate and manage the trust between users using different techniques and combining many factors. What these computer scientists basically do is coming up with mathematical formulas and models to express trust in online networks and capture its parameters. However, social scientists are the people better trained to deal with concepts related to human behaviors and their cognitive thinking such as trust. Thus, in order for computer scientists to support their ideas and get a better insight about how to direct their research, people like social scientists should contribute. With this in mind, we realized in our group work the importance of such contribution, so we came up with the idea of my research work. In my search, I tried to find how these social scientists think and tackle a dynamic notion like trust, so we can use their findings in order to enhance our work and trust model. Through the chapters, I will discuss an already developed trust model that uses measurement theory in modeling trust. I will refer back to this model and see how other social scientists dealt with some of the issues encountered by the model and its functionality. Some small experiments have been done to show and compare our results with social scientists results for the same matter. One of the most important and controversial points to be discussed from social scientists' point of view is whether trust is transitive or not. Other points to be discussed and supported by social scientists' research include aggregation, reputation, timing effects on trust, reciprocity, and experience effects on trust. Some of these points are classified into trust mapping categories and others are related to trust management or decision making stages. In sum, this work is a multidisciplinary study of trust whose overall goal is to enhance our work and results, as computer scientists

Topics: Online communities, Social sciences, Trust management, Computer networks -- Social aspects -- Planning, Trust -- Social aspects -- Research, Internet -- Social aspects, Communication in the social sciences -- Research, Online social networks -- Planning, Information society -- Social aspects, Decision making -- Mathematical models, Electronic information resources -- Evaluation, Telematics -- Social aspects, Knowledge management, Human-computer interaction -- Social aspects -- Planning, Social sciences -- Information services -- Use studies, Social sciences -- Data processing, Social psychology
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:scholarworks.iupui.edu:1805/6454
Provided by: IUPUIScholarWorks

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