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Wave Cycle Design for Wave Rotor Gas Turbine Engines with Low NOx emissions

By M. Razi Nalim and Edwin L. Resler

Abstract

The wave rotor is a promising means of pressure-gain for gas turbine engines. This paper examines novel wave rotor topping cycles that incorporate low-NOx combustion strategies. This approach combines two-stage “rich-quench-lean” (RQL) combustion with intermediate expansion in the wave rotor to extract energy and reduce the peak stoichiometric temperature substantially. The thermodynamic cycle is a type of reheat cycle, with the rich-zone air undergoing a high-pressure stage. Rich-stage combustion could occur external to or within the wave rotor. An approximate analytical design method and CFD/combustion codes are used to develop and simulate wave rotor flow cycles. Engine cycles designed with a bypass turbine and external combustion demonstrate a performance enhancement equivalent to a 200–400 R (110–220 K) increase in turbine inlet temperature. The stoichiometric combustion temperature is reduced by 300–450 R (170–250 K) relative to an equivalent simple cycle, implying substantially reduced NOx formation

Topics: waves, design, gas turbine engines
Year: 1996
OAI identifier: oai:scholarworks.iupui.edu:1805/4055
Provided by: IUPUIScholarWorks

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