Location of Repository

Effects of carbon nanotubes on barrier epithelial cells via effects on lipid bilayers

By Shanta Lewis


Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are one of the most common nanoparticles (NP) found in workplace air. Therefore, there is a strong chance that these NP will enter the human body. They have similar physical properties to asbestos, a known toxic material, yet there is limited evidence showing that CNTs may be hazardous to human barrier epithelia. In previous studies done in our laboratory, the effects of CNTs on the barrier function in the human airway epithelial cell line (Calu-3) were measured. Measurements were done using electrophysiology, a technique which measures both transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER), a measure of monolayer integrity, and short circuit current (SCC) which is a measure of vectorial ion transport across the cell monolayer. The research findings showed that select physiologically relevant concentrations of long single-wall (SW) and multi-wall (MW) CNTs significantly decreased the stimulated SCC of the Calu-3 cells compared to untreated cultures. Calu-3 cells showed decreases in TEER when incubated for 48 hours (h) with concentrations of MWCNT ranging from 4µg/cm2 to 0.4ng/cm2 and SWCNT ranging from 4µg/cm2 to 0.04ng/cm2. The impaired cellular function, despite sustained cell viability, led us to investigate the mechanism by which the CNTs were affecting the cell membrane. We investigated the interaction of short MWCNTs with model lipid membranes using an ion channel amplifier, Planar Bilayer Workstation. Membranes were synthesized using neutral diphytanoylphosphatidylcholine (DPhPC) and negatively charged diphytanoylphosphatidylserine (DPhPS) lipids. Gramicidin A (GA), an ion channel reporter protein, was used to measure changes in ion channel conductance due to CNT exposures. Synthetic membranes exposed to CNTs allowed bursts of currents to cross the membrane when they were added to the membrane buffer system. When added to the membrane in the presence of GA, they distorted channel formation and reduced membrane stability

Topics: Carbon nanotubes, Multi-wall carbon nanotubes, single-wall carbon nanotubes, T84, Calu-3, Black lipid membranes, Electrophysiology, Ion channels, Gramicidin A, Short circuit current, Carbon nanotubes -- Research -- Analysis, Organic compounds -- Synthesis, Nanostructured materials -- Research -- Analysis, Electrophysiology -- Technique, Ion channels -- Research -- Analysis, Short circuits, Epithelium, Gramicidins, Cyclic peptides -- Synthesis, Tight junctions (Cell biology), Bilayer lipid membranes, Biological transport, Membranes (Biology)
Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:scholarworks.iupui.edu:1805/5611
Provided by: IUPUIScholarWorks

Suggested articles


To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.