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Human Nav1.5 F1486 deletion associated with long-QT syndrome leads to deficiency in inactivation and reduces lidocaine sensitivity

By Weihua Song


Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)The cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel α subunit Nav1.5 generates the cardiac sodium current, which is essential for the initiation and propagation of the cardiac action potentials. Mutations of SCN5A, the gene that encodes Nav1.5, have been well documented to cause long-QT syndrome (LQTs) by disrupting channel inactivation and increasing late sodium current. Previous studies have revealed the importance of the intracellular loop region between transmembrane domain III and IV of sodium channel α subunit in regulating the fast inactivation. A recent clinical case study reported an infant patient with LQTs carrying a phenylalanine (F) deletion at amino acid 1486 of the Nav1.5 channel. This study reported that the patient showed severe cardiac arrhythmia reflected as LQTs and subsequent ventricular tachycardia, which was refractory to antiarrhythmic drug lidocaine treatment. Therefore, it was hypothesized that the deletion of F1486 on Nav1.5 would substantially alter electrophysiological properties of the channel and reduce the potency of lidocaine on sodium channel. Using HEK293 cells and neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, the F1486del channel was functionally characterized by whole-cell patch clamp techniques. Studies revealed that the deletion of F1486 causes a combination of changes including a loss-of-function alteration reflected as a substantial reduction of peak current density and a number of gain-of-function alterations including reduced channel inactivation, substantial augmentation of late sodium current, and an increase in ramp current. In addition, lidocaine sensitivity was dramatically reduced. By contrast, the voltage for half maximal activation (V1/2) and the time constant for channel deactivation for the F1486del channel were identical to the wild type channels. Using neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, we were able to study the functional consequence of F1484del on action potential duration (APD). Cardiomyocytes expressing F1486del channel have substantial APD prolongation and prominent spontaneous early afterdepolarizations, which likely underlie the subsequent LQTs in the patient. Taken together, despite the reduction in peak current density, the substantial gain-of-function changes are sufficient to cause the APD prolongation, which is a prominent characteristic of LQTs. These findings provide knowledge for understanding the relationships between sodium channel structure, pharmacology and the physiological consequence of sodium channel mutations that underlie LQT3

Topics: sodium channel, long-QT syndrome, lidocaine sensitivity, Sodium channels, Long QT syndrome, Lidocaine, Anesthetics -- Side effects
Year: 2012
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Provided by: IUPUIScholarWorks

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