Location of Repository

Norwegian cultural policy: a civilising mission?

By Egil Bjørnsen

Abstract

This dissertation aims to explore the extent to which what has been termed „the civilising mission‟ has been a central rationale behind Norwegian cultural policy.\ud In order to contextualise the research the German term Bildung, which refers to human growth processes, is used as a conceptual framework. Bildung can be achieved in two different, albeit related, ways: firstly, through an object approach, which takes great works of arts as its point of departure and where personal growth can be achieved through exposure to these and which endorses clear cultural hierarchies, and secondly, through a subject approach, which emphasises each individual‟s own preferences and desires and where a much greater range of cultural activities can facilitate personal growth.\ud In addition to an historical analysis of the ideas that have informed Norwegian cultural policies dating back to 1814, this project draws upon „green papers‟ published by the Norwegian government through its Ministry of Culture. This is supplemented by a more detailed analysis of a key cultural policy initiative of the 2000s: den kulturelle skolesekken (DKS)1, which is a major programme initiated to enable children in primary school to be exposed to art-works produced by professional artists.\ud The project concludes that although a subject and an object approach to Bildung have co-existed throughout the period charted here there has since the 90s been an increased focus on the object oriented approach. This appears evident both in the general cultural policy discourse but articularly through the disciplining aspect of DKS and its strong focus on, what is being referred to as, the „professional arts‟ as a vehicle for Bildung

Topics: DL, NX
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:2740

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (2005). (...) der er gift paa Pennen hans”: Kampen i Stortinget om diktargasjane 1863-1962’.
  2. (2003). (2002-2003): ’i blot til Lyst’ Om kunst og kultur i og i tilknytning til grunnskolen, Oslo. Reports by parliamentary commitees Familie-, kultur- og administrasjonskomiteen (FKD),
  3. (2008). (2007-2008); Innstilling fra familie og kulturkomiteen om kulturell skulesekk for framtida,
  4. (1993). 115 (1992-93); Innstilling fra kirke og undervisningskomiteen om kultur i tiden (St.meld. nr. 61 for 1991-92 og St.
  5. (1985). 132 (1984-85); Innstilling fra kirke og undervisningskomiteen om kulturpolitikk for 1980-åra og nye oppgaver i kulturpolitikken (St.meld. Nr.23 for 1891-82 og St.
  6. (1974). 23; Innstilling fra kirke og undervisningskomiteen om kulturarbeid og kulturpolitikk
  7. (1985). 28. Mars – Kulturpolitkken for 1980-åra og nye oppgaver i kulturpolitikken,
  8. (1993). 30. Mars – Kultur i tiden,
  9. (1973). 404 Policy discourses:
  10. 710 Audio-recordings of all interviews exist in the author‟s possession. Information about interviewees‟ institutional affiliation can be found in Appendix Three.
  11. (1945). 711 Similar observations have also been made for several other Western countries. Cummings and Katz, for example, argue that, although for some countries state patronage for the arts date back many years, it has since
  12. (2006). 723 It is a closer understanding of what the rationales behind Norwegian cultural policy are 723 Jenny Johannisson, Det lokala möter världen: Kulturpolitisk förändringsarbete i 1990-talets Göteborg, (Högskolan i Borås og Göteborgs universitet: Valfrid,
  13. (1988). A Gramsci Reader: Selected Writings 1916-1935 (London: Lawrence and Wishart,
  14. (2004). Akademiregime og Kunstinstitusjon: Kunstpolitikk fram til 1850
  15. (1998). An Intelligent Person’s Guide to Modern Culture (London :
  16. (2002). Art as a means of alleviating social exclusion: does it really work? A critique of instrumental cultural policies and social impact studies in the UK‟, doi
  17. (2005). Beyond Machinery: The Cultural Policies of Matthew Arnold’, doi
  18. (2000). Beyond the Division of Attenders vs NonAttenders‟ (Coventry: Centre for the Study of Cultural Policy, Working Paper 6,
  19. (2003). Bildung – the freedom of the educated‟, doi
  20. (1995). Bjarne: Norsk nasjonalkultur: En kulturpolitisk oversikt (Oslo: Universitetsforlaget,
  21. (2007). Commodification and Instrumentality in Cultural Policy‟, doi
  22. (2005). Cultural Industries and Cultural Policy, doi
  23. (2001). Cultural Pessimism: Narratives of Decline in the Postmodern World (Edinburgh:
  24. (2003). Cultural Policy and Evaluation of doi
  25. (1996). Cultural Policy and the Crisis of Legitimacy: Entrepreneurial Answers in the United Kingdom’ (Coventry: Centre for the Study of Cultural Policy, Working Paper 2,
  26. (1995). Cultural Policy in the United Kingdom: Collapsing Rationales and the End of a Tradition‟, doi
  27. (1997). Cultural Policy, Cultural Pessimism and Postmodernity‟, doi
  28. (1981). Culture (London: Fontana Paperbacks,
  29. (1935). Culture and Anarchy, (London: doi
  30. (1940). Culture and Consensus: England, art and politics since
  31. (1998). Culture and Policy – Acting on the Social‟, doi
  32. (1962). Culture and Society
  33. (1950). Culture and Society: 1780 – doi
  34. (1998). Culture: A Reformer’s Science (London: doi
  35. (2001). De nasjonale strateger doi
  36. (2007). Den gode, hellige og disiplinerte kunsten: Forestillinger om kunstens autonomi i kulturpolitikk og kunstledelse (Bø: Telemarksforskning-Bø,
  37. (2003). Den kulturelle skulesekken,
  38. (2006). Det lokala möter världen: Kulturpolitisk förändringsarbete i 1990-talets Göteborg, (Högskolan i Borås og Göteborgs universitet: Valfrid,
  39. (2002). Does beauty matter in education? Friedrich Schiller‟s neo-humanistic approach‟, doi
  40. (2008). Editor‟s introduction: Nordic cultural policy‟, doi
  41. (1993). Editor‟s Introduction‟ doi
  42. (1995). En nasjonal og moderne utdanning‟, in Øystein Sørensen, Jakten på det norske: Perspektiver på utviklingen av en norsk nasjonal identitet (Oslo: Ad Notam Gyldendal,
  43. (2006). En politisk reise‟,
  44. (1980). Fra mesenvirksomhet til velferdspolitikk: Utviklingen av norsk kulturpolitikk‟ (MPhil thesis,
  45. (2006). Frank: Norsk mediebarometer
  46. (1983). Geneviève: Cultural Development: experiences and policies (Paris: Unesco,
  47. (2002). Gottfried von Herder: Philosophical Writings, edited and translated by Michael N. Forster (Cambridge: doi
  48. (1987). Government and the Arts: An Overview‟ in doi
  49. (1987). Government and the Arts: An Overview‟, in doi
  50. (1969). Herder on social and political culture (London: doi
  51. (2002). Identity, communities and foreign policy: Discourse analysis as foreign policy theory‟
  52. Innstilling fra familie-, kultur-, og administrasjonskomiteen om Den Kulturelle skulesekken St.meld.
  53. (1992). Innstilling fra familie-, kultur-, og administrasjonskomiteen om forslag fra stortingsrepresentantene Per Sandberg og Ulf Erik Knudsen om lov om endring i lov 28.
  54. (2014). Innstilling fra familie-, kultur-, og administrasjonskomiteen om kulturpolitikk fram mot
  55. Innstilling fra Kirke-, utdannings- og forskningskomiteen om kunst og kultur i og i tilknytning til grunnskolen (’Ei blot til lyst’) St.meld.
  56. (1994). Instrumental Cultural Policy in Scandinavian Countries: A Critical Historical Perspective‟, doi
  57. (2006). Intellectuals, romantics and cultural policy‟, doi
  58. (2007). Interview with Olemic Thommessen,
  59. (2007). Interview with Valgerd Svarstad Haugland,
  60. (2007). Interviews Interview with Glen Erik Haugland,
  61. (1994). Jakten på nasjonal identitet: Kultur, politikk og nasjonsbygging i Norge i årene omkring "Det nasjonale gjennombrudd”
  62. (1988). Keywords: A vocabulary of culture and society (London: doi
  63. (1940). Kommentar til anmeldelse av Fra Embetmannsregime til nytt Akademiregime.
  64. (1992). Kultur i tiden,
  65. (2005). Kultur og næring, doi
  66. (1983). Kultur og vitskapsdepartementet (KUV),
  67. (2004). kultur- og administrasjonskomiteen (FKD),
  68. (2008). Kultur- og kirkedepartementet (KUL),
  69. (2007). Kulturell skulesekk for framtida,
  70. (1995). Kulturpolitikk i det moderne Noreg (Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget,
  71. (2004). Kunstpolitikkens nye kunnskapsregime‟,
  72. (1981). Kyrkje og undervisningsdepartementet (KUD),
  73. (1981). Language and Political Understanding: The Politics of Discursive Practices (New Haven and London: doi
  74. (1992). Loïc: „The Practice of Reflexive Sociology (The Paris Workshop)‟ doi
  75. (1992). Loïc: „Toward a Social Praxeology: The Structure and Logic of Bourdieu‟s Sociology,
  76. (2003). Marit: „Cultural Policy in Norway‟, doi
  77. (2001). Mening, materialitet, makt: En innføring i diskursanalyse
  78. (2005). Når fikk Norge en kulturpolitikk? Et debattinnlegg mot den konvensjonelle visdom‟,
  79. (2001). Nasjon og narrasjon: Om Garborg som aktør i fortellinga om "det norske”‟, in Øystein Srensen, Jakten på det norske: Perspektiver på utviklingen av en norsk nasjonal identitet (Oslo: Ad Notam Gyldendal,
  80. (2005). Nasjonalbiblioteket som samfunnsinstitusjon‟,
  81. (2001). Norge – en kritikk: Begrepsmakt i Europa-debatten
  82. (1914). Norsk Historie
  83. (1999). Norsk historie 1814-1860 (Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget,
  84. (1948). Notes towards the Definition of Culture (London: doi
  85. (1974). Ny kulturpolitikk, Tillegg til St.meld. nr. 8 for (1973-74): Om organisering og finansiering av kulturarbeid,
  86. (2004). og forskningskomiteen (KUF),
  87. (1990). Outside literature (London and doi
  88. (2003). Ove and Løvlie, Lars: „Innledning‟
  89. (2004). Økonomiske rammebetingelser for filmproduksjon,
  90. (2001). Øystein: „Hegemonikamp om det norske:
  91. (1992). Per: Kulturliv og forvaltning: Innføring i kulturpolitikk
  92. (2007). Public documents Government Green Papers Barne- og likestillingsdepartementet,
  93. (2003). Putting the “art” back into arts policy making: how arts policy has been “captured” by the economists and the marketers‟, doi
  94. (1996). quick glance on the ministry‟s website shows that it has produced green papers on a range of cultural topics over the last year. During the timeperiod
  95. (2000). Reply to Carl-Johan Kleberg‟ doi
  96. (2005). Resept for et sunnere Norge: Et foucaultsk blikk på norsk helsepolitikk‟,
  97. (2004). Rethinking cultural policy (Maidenhead: doi
  98. (2007). Rethinking the social impacts of the arts‟, doi
  99. (2008). Samspill: Et løft for rytmisk musikk,
  100. (1971). Selections from the Prison Notebooks, edited and translated doi
  101. (2006). som markeringsår for kulturelt mangfold,
  102. (2004). Speech at the opening of a national conference about DKS,
  103. (2006). Synnøve S.: Ekstraordinært eller selvfølgelig: Evaluering av Den Kulturelle skolesekken i grunnskolen (Oslo, NIFU STEP, rapport 5,
  104. (1976). The Antinomies of Antonio Gramsci‟, doi
  105. (2003). The Archaeology of Knowledge (London and doi
  106. (1995). The Birth of the Museum: History, theory, politics (London and doi
  107. The Collected Works of Thomas Carlyle (London: doi
  108. (1985). The Concept of Cultural Hegemony: Problems and Possibilities‟ The American Historical Review, doi
  109. (2000). The Concept of Culture in the Stockholm Action Plan and its Consequences for Policy doi
  110. (1975). The German tradition of Self-cultivation: Bildung from Humboldt to Thomas Mann (London: doi
  111. (1977). The Nationalization of Culture: The Development of State Subsidies to the Arts in doi
  112. (2003). The Nordic Cultural Model. Summary‟ doi
  113. The reason why I chose 1973 as the cut -off point for my reliance on secondary sources was because this was when the Norwegian government published its first green paper devoted to an articulation of the nation‟s cultural analysis in general terms.
  114. (2008). The Social Impact of the Arts (London: Palgrave Macmillan, doi
  115. (2006). The Technocratisation of the Field of Cultural Policy and the Role of Critical Research‟,
  116. (2004). The Torn Halves of Cultural Policy Research‟, doi
  117. (2002). This little piggy stayed at home: Why Norway is not a member of the EU‟
  118. (2014). To knurrende løver: Kulturpolitikkens historie 1814 -
  119. (1976). Towards cultural democracy (Strasbourg: Council of Europe,
  120. (1990). Towards cultural democracy: Contradiction and crisis
  121. (1983). Two distinctions in doi
  122. (1998). Two Lectures‟ doi
  123. (1981). Untying the Text: A Post-Structuralist Reader‟ (London and New York: Routledge and Kegan Paul, doi
  124. (2008). Use of civilising claims: Three moments in British theatre history’, doi
  125. (1996). Utdannings- og forskningsdepartementet (KKU),
  126. (1993). von: The limits of state action, edited and translated by J.W. Burrow (Indiapolis: Liberty Fund,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.