Location of Repository

Introducing the modified paranormal belief scale: distinguishing between classic paranormal beliefs, religious paranormal beliefs and conventional religiosity among undergraduates in Northern Ireland and Wales

By Emyr Williams, Leslie J. Francis and Christopher Alan Lewis

Abstract

Previous empirical studies concerned with the association between paranormal beliefs and conventional religiosity have produced conflicting evidence. Drawing on Rice's (2003) distinction between classic paranormal beliefs and religious paranormal beliefs, the present study proposed a modified form of the Tobacyk Revised Paranormal Belief Scale to produce separate scores for these two forms of paranormal belief, styled 'religious paranormal beliefs' and 'classic paranormal beliefs'. Data provided by a sample of 143 undergraduate students in Northern Ireland and Wales, who completed the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity alongside the Tobacyk Revised Paranormal Belief Scale, demonstrated that conventional religiosity is positively correlated with religious paranormal beliefs, but independent of classic paranormal beliefs. These findings provide a clear framework within which previous conflicting evidence can be interpreted. It is recommended that future research should distinguish clearly between these two forms of paranormal beliefs and that the Tobacyk Revised Paranormal Beliefs Scale should be routinely modified to detach the four religious paranormal belief items from the total scale score

Topics: BR, BF
Publisher: Brill
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:2871

Suggested articles

Preview

Citations

  1. (1993). A new instrument for measuring the sheepgoat variable: its psychometric properties and factor structure.
  2. (1988). A revised paranormal belief scale. Unpublished manuscript, doi
  3. (1991). Belief in paranormal phenomena among adult Americans.
  4. (1992). Belief in the paranormal and religious belief among American college students. doi
  5. (1999). Belief in the paranormal and religious variables.
  6. (2000). Conservatism and attitude towards Christianity. Personality and Individual Differences, doi
  7. (1996). Dangerous obsessions: teenagers and the occult.
  8. (2007). Drawing back the veil: paranormal belief among adolescents. doi
  9. (1975). Manual for the Wilson-Patterson Attitude Inventory.
  10. (1987). Measuring attitudes towards Christianity: from childhood into adulthood. doi
  11. (2000). Paranormal beliefs: a sociological introduction. Longrove, IL: doi
  12. (1999). Reliability and validity of a short scale of attitude toward Christianity among students in the UK, USA, Australia and Canada. doi
  13. (2001). Religiosity and belief in the paranormal.
  14. (1988). Religiosity and superstition: are they related or separate phenomena?
  15. (2006). Skeptical saints and critical cognition: on the relationship between religion and paranormal beliefs. doi
  16. (1981). Some determinants of belief in psychical phenomena.
  17. (2007). Superstitious, magical, and paranormal beliefs: an integrative model. doi
  18. (1993). The handbook of psychological testing. doi
  19. (1995). The internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the Francis Scale of Attitude toward Christianity (adult) among undergraduate students in the UK, USA, Australia and Canada. Personality and Individual Differences, doi
  20. (1997). The psychology of religious behaviour, belief and experience. doi
  21. (1999). The relationship between paranormal beliefs, locus of control and psychopathology in a Turkish college sample. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.