Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Measuring religious social capital: the scale properties of the Williams Religious Social Capital Index (WRSCI) among cathedral congregations

By Emyr Williams


The theoretical construct of social capital remains contested in terms of conceptualisation and measurement. The present paper follows the convention of distinguishing between trust, bonding, bridging and linking social capital, to conceptualise how religious communities promote and develop social capital within a specifically religious cohort. Developing this construct of religious social capital further, this paper proposes a measure for use specifically among religious communities to assess individual-level social capital. The Williams Religious Social Capital Index (WRSCI) provides a unidimensional construct of religious social capital taking into consideration the four elements highlighted. A sample of 720 members of six cathedral congregations in England and Wales completed a battery of items concerning social capital. Factor analysis procedures produced a 12-item index of religious social capital. Reliability analyses demonstrated that this index achieved satisfactory levels of internal reliability consistency. Construct validity was supported by the clear association between frequency of attendance and levels of assessed religious social capital

Topics: BT, HM
Publisher: Routledge
Year: 2008
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (2002). A critique of social capital, doi
  2. (2004). An intricate triangle – religiosity, volunteering, and social capital: the European perspective, the case of Finland, Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, doi
  3. (2000). Bowling Alone: the collapse and revival of American community, doi
  4. (1999). Faith, frequency, and the allocation of time: a micro level study of religious capital and participation, doi
  5. (2002). Measuring social capital within health surveys: key issues, doi
  6. (2006). Religion and civic culture: a cross-national study of voluntary association membership, doi
  7. (2004). Religion as a resource for positive youth development: religion, social capital, and moral outcomes, doi
  8. (2002). Religious involvement and status-bridging social capital, doi
  9. (1999). Social Capital Assessment Tool, presented at the Conference on Social Capital and Poverty Reduction, The World Bank,
  10. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital, doi
  11. (1996). The downside of social capital,
  12. (1990). The Foundations of Social Theory, doi
  13. (2001). The place of social capital in understanding social and economic outcomes, ISUMA:
  14. (2008). The Social Capital of Cathedral Congregations: an individual differences approach, doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.