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Predictive modeling of west nile virus transmission risk in the mediterranean basin: How far from landing?

By Véronique Chevalier, Annelise Tran and Benoit Durand

Abstract

The impact on human and horse health of West Nile fever (WNF) recently and dramatically increased in Europe and neighboring countries. Involving several mosquito and wild bird species, WNF epidemiology is complex. Despite the implementation of surveillance systems in several countries of concern, and due to a lack of knowledge, outbreak occurrence remains unpredictable. Statistical models may help identifying transmission risk factors. When spatialized, they provide tools to identify areas that are suitable for West Nile virus transmission. Mathematical models may be used to improve our understanding of epidemiological process involved, to evaluate the impact of environmental changes or test the efficiency of control measures. We propose a systematic literature review of publications aiming at modeling the processes involved in WNF transmission in the Mediterranean Basin. The relevance of the corresponding models as predictive tools for risk mapping, early warning and for the design of surveillance systems in a changing environment is analyzed. (Résumé d'auteur

Topics: L73 - Maladies des animaux, U10 - Méthodes mathématiques et statistiques, U40 - Méthodes de relevé, C30 - Documentation et information
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.3390/ijerph110100067
OAI identifier: oai:agritrop.cirad.fr:571753
Provided by: Agritrop

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