Understanding how people's relationships with nature form, how they influence personal values and\ud attitudes, and what behavioural implications they may have could provide more insight into how\ud connectedness to nature (CNT) can effectively contribute to environmental management goals. This\ud paper undertakes a review of literature published over the past decade (2002e2011) on SCOPUS; and\ud describes the current state of knowledge regarding CNT, assesses any efforts towards the spatial mapping\ud of CNT for environmental management, and identifies measures of CNT defined in the broader literature.\ud This review suggests that there is quite some overlap in the literature on CNT concepts, and that more\ud effort needs to be made towards multi-disciplinary research which explores how CNT can be useful to\ud environmental planning and conservation research on the field. It also further corroborates the need and\ud relevance of applying more social and affective strategies to promote conservation behaviour. The main\ud progress in CNT theory seems to have been made in the development of measurement tools, and it is\ud clear that there is a strong convergent validity amongst the different measures due to their similarity, and\ud functional associations. Further efforts towards the exploration of multi-dimensional measures is recommended\ud since they consistently stand out as showing better results. The geographic visualisation of\ud CNT constructs is another area of research that deserves attention since it can provide a unique point of\ud view towards guiding participatory protected area planning and management.peer-reviewe
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