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Overcoming the crystallization bottleneck: a family of gigantic inorganic {Pdx}L(x=84, 72) palladium macrocycles discovered using solution techniques

By Lorna G. Christie, Andrew J. Surman, Rachel A. Scullion, Feng Xu, De-Liang Long and Leroy Cronin

Abstract

The {Pd84}Ac wheel, initially discovered serendipitously, is the only reported giant palladium macrocycle—a unique structure that spontaneously assembles from small building blocks. Analogues of this structure are elusive. A new modular route to {Pd84}Ac is described, allowing incorporation of other ligands, and a new screening approach to cluster discovery. Structural assignments were made of new species from solution experiments, overcoming the need for crystallographic analysis. As a result, two new palladium macrocycles were discovered: a structural analogue of the existing {Pd84}Ac wheel with glycolate ligands, {Pd84}Gly, and the next in a magic number series for this cluster family—a new {Pd72}Prop wheel decorated with propionate ligands. These findings confirm predictions of a magic number rule for the family of {Pdx} macrocycles. Furthermore, structures with variable fractions of functional ligands were obtained. Together these discoveries establish palladium clusters as a new class of tunable nanostructures. In facilitating the discovery of species that would not have been discovered by orthodox crystallization approaches, this work also demonstrates the value of solution-based screening and characterization in cluster chemistry, as a means to decouple cluster formation, discovery, and isolation

Publisher: Wiley
Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.gla.ac.uk:128887
Provided by: Enlighten

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