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Electronic health records to facilitate clinical research

By Martin R. Cowie, Juuso I. Blomster, Lesley H. Curtis, Sylvie Duclaux, Ian Ford, Fleur Fritz, Samantha Goldman, Salim Janmohamed, Jörg Kreuzer, Mark Leenay, Alexander Michel, Seleen Ong, Jill P. Pell, Mary Ross Southworth, Wendy Gattis Stough, Martin Thoenes, Faiez Zannad and Andrew Zalewski

Abstract

Electronic health records (EHRs) provide opportunities to enhance patient care, embed performance measures in clinical practice, and facilitate clinical research. Concerns have been raised about the increasing recruitment challenges in trials, burdensome and obtrusive data collection, and uncertain generalizability of the results. Leveraging electronic health records to counterbalance these trends is an area of intense interest. The initial applications of electronic health records, as the primary data source is envisioned for observational studies, embedded pragmatic or post-marketing registry-based randomized studies, or comparative effectiveness studies. Advancing this approach to randomized clinical trials, electronic health records may potentially be used to assess study feasibility, to facilitate patient recruitment, and streamline data collection at baseline and follow-up. Ensuring data security and privacy, overcoming the challenges associated with linking diverse systems and maintaining infrastructure for repeat use of high quality data, are some of the challenges associated with using electronic health records in clinical research. Collaboration between academia, industry, regulatory bodies, policy makers, patients, and electronic health record vendors is critical for the greater use of electronic health records in clinical research. This manuscript identifies the key steps required to advance the role of electronic health records in cardiovascular clinical research

Publisher: Springer
Year: 2017
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.gla.ac.uk:123922
Provided by: Enlighten

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