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Cost Effective Bidirectional Power Transactions for Queueing Energy Requests in Smart Micro-Grids

By Daud Mustafa Minhas, Muhammad Rashad, Sajjad Hussain and Muhammad Ashraf

Abstract

This paper investigates real time problem of cost efficient energy distribution within smart micro-grids (SMG). The aggregator announces a day-ahead price of electricity, and is most often not fully aware of on spot availability of renewable resources. Sometimes, users also encounter estimation errors in their day-ahead energy procurement. In both situations an extra cost is incurred to aggregator or the users to fulfill their needs. This cost could be minimized by intelligently balancing the real time renewable generations with users load demands. The problem is more complex when there are a number of users communicating with each other and with the aggregator at the same time through a Digital Energy Management System (DEMS) for their demand requirements. It is very challenging for DEMS to ensure comfort level for its consumers while providing low cost electricity. Hence, we establish an optimization problem of curtailing the time average cost of electricity, under certain bounds of consumers satisfactions. We introduce load scheduling and energy transaction (LSET) control policy based on Lyapunov optimization theory to develop our proposed solution

Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:eprints.gla.ac.uk:123541
Provided by: Enlighten

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