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The Ig-α ITAM is required for efficient differentiation but not proliferation of pre-B cells

By B. Storch, S. Meixlsperger and H. Jumaa

Abstract

Signals from the pre-B cell receptor (pre-BCR) mediated by the cytoplasmic tails of Ig-α/Ig-β are essential for developing B cells. To analyze the role of Ig-α ITAM and non-ITAM tyrosines in pre-BCR signaling, we reconstituted individual tyrosine mutants of Ig-α in src homology 2 domain-containing leukocyte protein of 65 kDa (SLP-65)/Ig-α double-deficient pre-B cells. We show that the Ig-α mutants led to comparable pre-BCR expression on the cell surface, while the pre-BCR-induced tyrosine phosphorylation was different. We further show that the reconstitution of Ig-α and the resulting pre-BCR expression led to enrichment of the pre-BCR-expressing cells in vitro irrespective of the introduced Ig-α mutation. We show that, even though the enrichment rate increased by lowering the IL-7 concentration, residual amounts of IL-7 were required for optimal enrichment. Our results indicate that surface IL-7 receptor expression is modulated by the pre-BCR, thereby increasing the IL-7 sensitivity of the respective cells. In contrast to the comparable pre-B cell proliferation, however, the Ig-α mutants differed in their capacity to induce calcium flux and activate efficient pre-B cell differentiation. Together, our data suggest that ITAM tyrosines and Y204 are required for efficient pre-B cell differentiation but not proliferation

Year: 2007
OAI identifier: oai:escidoc.org:escidoc:2349396
Provided by: MPG.PuRe
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