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MyDD/IL-18-dependent pathways rather than TLRs control early parasitaemia in non-lethal Plasmodium yoelii infection

By J. Cramer, B. Lepenies, F. Kamena, C. Hölscher, M. Freudenberg, G. Burchard, H. Wagner, C. Kirschning, X. Liu, P. Seeberger and T. Jacobs


Plasmodium falciparum GPI contributes to malaria pathology by inducing cytokine release. It has been shown to be recognized through TLR2 and to a lesser extent TLR4 in vitro. However, previous findings on the role of TLRs in parasite clearance or pathology in vivo are conflicting. Thus, we analyzed the impact of TLR-signalling on protection using the P. yoelii infection model. Deficiency of single TLRs as well as triple TLR2/4/9-deficiency had no impact on parasitaemia. In contrast, mice deficient for the adaptor protein MyD88 were more susceptible to P. yoelii infection in that they exhibited an increased parasitaemia in the early phase of the infection and a higher lethality. This phenotype was caused mainly by impaired IL-18 signalling since parasitaemia in IL-18-deficient mice was also increased at early time points during P. yoelii infection compared to wild-type control mice. However, no lethality was observed in IL-18-deficient mice. Since parasitaemia in IL-1R-deficient mice was also slightly increased during P. yoelii infection, impaired IL-1R signalling contributed to the increased susceptibility of MyD88-deficient mice to a lesser extent. These findings correlated with a reduced IFN-γ production in MyD88- and IL-18-deficient mice, but not in TLR2/4/9-deficient mice. We conclude that mainly IL-18/MyD88-dependent signalling but not TLR2/4/9-signalling is important for early parasite control in our model

Year: 2008
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Provided by: MPG.PuRe
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