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Judgment of Learning Accuracy in High-functioning Adolescents and Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

By Catherine Grainger, David M. Williams and Sophie E. Lind

Abstract

This study explored whether adults and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate difficulties making metacognitive judgments, specifically judgments of learning. Across two experiments, the study examined whether individuals with ASD could accurately judge whether they had learnt a piece of information (in this case word pairs). In Experiment 1, adults with ASD demonstrated typical accuracy on a standard ‘cue-alone’ judgment of learning (JOL) task, compared to age- and IQmatched neurotypical adults. Additionally, in Experiment 2, adolescents with ASD demonstrated typical accuracy on both a standard ‘cue-alone’ JOL task, and a ‘cue-target’ JOL task. These results suggest that JOL accuracy is unimpaired in ASD. These results have important implications for both theories of metacognition in ASD and educational practise

Topics: BF
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:kar.kent.ac.uk:57097

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