Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Trichomonas vaginalis: an irritating protozoan or an important viral co-factor

By Pamela Greenwell and Sanjiv Rughooputh


Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) is one of the most successful protozoan pathogens and the most common non-viral sexually transmitted disease, responsible for around 180 million new infections worldwide every year. Presentation in females is usually profuse, purulent, malodorous vaginal discharge and vaginal irritation, although infection can be subclinical or asymptomatic. TV may also be associated with inflammation of the cervix (strawberry cervix) that may mimic the cervical tenderness associated with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Changes in the cervical cells in women with TV have been likened to the changes seen in early cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), while in men the infection often presents as urethritis and prostatitis.\u

Topics: UOW2
OAI identifier:
Provided by: WestminsterResearch

Suggested articles


  1. (2002). A preliminary study on the relationship between Trichomonas vaginalis and cervical cancer in Egyptian women. J Egypt Soc Parasitol
  2. (1998). Cysteine proteases of Trichomonas vaginalis degrade secretory leucocytes protease inhibitor.
  3. in mucin-dwelling protozoans.
  4. (2002). Lipid metabolism in mucus-dwelling amitochondriate protozoa.
  5. (2003). Protect and survive.
  6. (2004). Sangiv Rughooputh and Pamela Greenwell are members of the molecular and medical microbiology research group in the School of Biosciences,
  7. (2001). The epidemiology of trichomoniasis in women in four African cities.
  8. (2001). Trichomonas vaginalis, HIV and AfricanAmericans. Emerg Infect Dis

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.