This paper examines whether data, generated from smart\ud cards used for bus travel, can be put forward as a replacement for, or a complement to, existing transport\ud data sources. Smart-card data possess certain advantages\ud over existing bus ticket machine data and some sample\ud data sources, allowing them to be used for a range of\ud analysis applications that transport service providers may\ud previously have been unable to or found difficult to undertake. To this end, as a new transport data source, the\ud paper firstly reviews the nature of smart-card data. The\ud paper then goes on to examine the impact of smart-card\ud data in relation to two case studies - one concerning its\ud impact on the data collection process and one looking at\ud the impact on travel behaviour analysis
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