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The change in perceived motor competence and motor task values during elementary school : A longitudinal cohort study

By Johannes J. Noordstar, Janjaap van der Net, Suzanne Jak, Paul J M Helders and Marian J. Jongmans


Participation in motor activities is essential for social interaction and life satisfaction in children. Self-perceptions and task values have a central position in why children do or do not participate in (motor) activities. Investigating developmental changes in motor self-perceptions and motor task values in elementary school children would provide vital information about their participation in motor activities. We therefore examined the change in, and associations between, self-perceptions and task values of fine motor competence, ball competence, and athletic competence in 292 children from kindergarten to grade 4. We also investigated differences between boys and girls, and between children with motor problems and typically developing children. Results indicated that self-perceptions and task values are domain specific and differ between boys and girls, but not between children with motor problems and typically developing children. Self-perceptions were not associated with task values. Educators should address specific self-perceptions to enhance participation into the corresponding motor activities in children between kindergarten and grade 4, and differences in self-perceptions and task values between boys and girls should be taken into account

Topics: children, longitudinal, motor, self-perceptions, task values, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Developmental Neuroscience
Year: 2016
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