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Fiscal policy in a Real-Business-Cycle model with labor-intensive government services and endogenous public sector wages and hours

By Aleksandar Vasilev

Abstract

Motivated by the high public employment, and the public wage premia observed in Europe, a Real-Business-Cycle model, calibrated to German data (1970-2007), is set up with a richer government spending side, and an endogenous private-public sector labor choice. To illustrate the effects of fiscal policy, two regimes are compared and contrasted to one another - exogenous vs. optimal (Ramsey) policy case. The main findings from the computational experiments performed in this paper are: (i) The op- timal steady-state capital tax rate is zero; (ii) A higher labor tax rate is needed in the Ramsey case to compensate for the loss in capital tax revenue; (iii) Under the optimal policy regime, public sector employment is lower, but government employees receive higher wages; (iv) The benevolent Ramsey planner provides the optimal amount of the public good, substitutes labor for capital in the input mix for public services produc- tion, and private output; (v) Government wage bill is smaller, while public investment is three times higher than in the exogenous policy case

Topics: E32, E62, H40, J5, ddc:330, government spending, public employment and wages
Publisher: Kiel und Hamburg: ZBW - Deutsche Zentralbibliothek f\ufcr Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Leibniz-Informationszentrum Wirtschaft
Year: 2013
OAI identifier: oai:econstor.eu:10419/142338
Provided by: EconStor

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