Time is often thought to consist of units that cycle rhythmically at different scales (seconds, hours, days, seasons). Accordingly, many models for mechanisms of timing implement rhythmic processes as the neural and cognitive substrate of time. In recent years, neuronal as well as cognitive exploration have revealed rhythmic motifs in the mechanisms governing attention and perception. In this review, we offer a taxonomy for different rhythmic motifs for cognition and explore the utility of this taxonomy in guiding the study of temporal processes
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