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HS 2331+3905 : the cataclysmic variable that has it all \ud

By S. Araujo-Betancor, B. T. Gaensicke, H.-J. Hagen, T. R. Marsh, E. T. Harlaftis, John Robert Thorstensen, R. E. Fried, P. Schmeer and Dieter Engels

Abstract

We report detailed follow-up observations of the cataclysmic variable HS 2331+3905, identified as an emissionline object in the Hamburg Quasar Survey. An orbital period of 81.08 min is unambiguously determined from the detection of eclipses in the light curves of HS 2331+3905. A second photometric period is consistently detected at P \ud 83.38 min,∼2.8% longer than P orb , which we tentatively relate to the presence of permanent superhumps. High time resolution photometry exhibits short-timescale variability on time scales of 5−6 min which we interpret as non-radial white dwarf pulsations, as well as a coherent signal at 1.12 min, which is likely to be the white dwarf spin period. A large-amplitude quasi-sinusoidal radial\ud velocity modulation of the Balmer and Helium lines with a period ∼3.5 h is persistently detected throughout three seasons of time-resolved spectroscopy. However, this spectroscopic period, which is in no way related to the orbital period, is not strictly coherent but drifts in period and/or phase on time scales of a few days. Modeling the far-ultraviolet to infrared spectral energy\ud distribution of HS 2331+3905, we determine a white dwarf temperature of T eff 10 500 K (assuming M wd = 0.6 M ), close to the ZZ Ceti instability strip of single white dwarfs. The spectral model implies a distance of d = 90 ± 15 pc, and a low value for the distance is supported by the large proper motion of the system, µ = 0.14 yr −1 . The non-detection of molecular bands and the low J, H, and K fluxes of HS 2331+3905 make this object a very likely candidate for a brown-dwarf donor.\u

Topics: QB
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Year: 2005
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:3601

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Citations

  1. (2003). in The Physics of Cataclysmic Variables and Related Objects, doi

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