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Homonuclear correlation in solid-state NMR : developing experiments for half-integer quadrupolar nuclei

By Nathan S. Barrow

Abstract

The objective was to develop solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance\ud (NMR) homonuclear correlation experiments for half-integer quadrupolar nuclei\ud so as to study atomic proximities and connectivities in disordered materials.\ud Nearby nuclear spins are coupled through space via their magnetic dipole moments.\ud Dipolar broadening is removed by magic angle spinning (MAS) for\ud isolated spin pairs. However, the noncommutation of the electric quadrupolar\ud interaction with the dipolar interaction means that the latter will not be removed\ud by MAS. This interplay between the dipolar and quadrupolar interactions,\ud combined with the effects of multiple noncommutating homonuclear\ud dipolar couplings, was investigated by observing spin-echo dephasing curves as\ud well as magnetisation transfer in 2D spin diffusion experiments. Polycrystalline\ud lithium diborate samples were synthesised to act as model compounds. The\ud preparation of samples with differing 11B isotopic abundances enabled a comparison\ud of samples with either predominantly isolated spin-pairs or multiple\ud coupled nuclei.\ud Spin diffusion experiments probed 11B–11B correlation at three magnetic\ud field strengths, 80% and 25% 11B isotopic abundances, MAS rates from\ud 4427 Hz to 7602 Hz and under DOR. Enhanced magnetisation transfer was observed\ud for the higher 11B isotopic abundance and at slower spinning speeds. The\ud latter dependence was reproduced by four-spin computer simulations. Secondorder\ud quadrupolar broadened spin diffusion cross-peaks under MAS had a mixed\ud positive and negative appearance for the 80% 11B sample. A similar effect was\ud previously observed for four dipolar-coupled I = 1/2 nuclei.\ud Spin-echo dephasing curves were recorded for 5%, 25% and 100% 11B isotopic\ud abundances and MAS rates of 5 kHz to 20 kHz. Depletion of 11B isotopic\ud abundance prolonged the coherence dephasing time because of a reduction of\ud noncommuting homonuclear dipolar couplings. Faster dephasing was observed\ud for the smaller CQ = 0.51MHz site; four-spin computer simulations showed this\ud is consistent with the reintroduction of the dipolar coupling being most efficient\ud when the MAS rate and first-order quadrupolar interaction are of the same\ud magnitude. Speeding-up the MAS rate prolonged the dephasing time for the\ud CQ = 2.56MHz site but not for the CQ = 0.51MHz site because of an interplay\ud between the quadrupolar and multiple dipolar interactions. Through-bond Jcouplings\ud between 11B nuclei were not detected, setting an upper bound of 2JBB\ud <3 Hz in polycrystalline lithium diborate

Topics: QC
OAI identifier: oai:wrap.warwick.ac.uk:3617

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