Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

A theory of product selection (a model of a NIC)

By Il Houng Lee


The objective of this work is to theoretically evaluate an important\ud aspect of a Newly Industrializing Country (NICs): Korea. Namely, the\ud behaviour of firms in Korea competing with firms in an industrialized\ud country after all Government intervention of the former is withdrawn.\ud This aspect is considered in the main part while a descriptive\ud introductory part introduces the Korean economy as a NIC.\ud We construct a simple asymmetric duopoly model where firms conjectures\ud play an important role in deriving the Perfect Equilibrium for a two\ud stage game. Different costs of production and first mover advantage\ud form the basis of the asymmetry. We find that under Cournot\ud conjectures assumption for the marketing stage and certain cost\ud conditions, it is profitable for the incumbent firm to stay a leader\ud and the follower to remain a follower. For some cost conditions and a\ud credible threat at the disposal of the follower, the incumbent firm\ud may be forced to stay a leader even though it is more profitable to\ud became a follower.\ud We examine possible licensing rules the leader may propose to the\ud follower. The dominant strategy, we find, is a licence fee that is a\ud function of the quality difference between the top quality of the\ud market leader and the level of quality it is selling to the follower.\ud There will be a cost to the leader in terms of a lower licence fee to\ud prevent possible leap forgging. Once we allow for free copying, we\ud find that the follower will copy closely the new product of the\ud leadership. Under Bertrand conjectures assumption, we find that\ud unless the firm with higher production cost remains the leader\ud offering a higher quality product, it will be driven out of the\ud market, i. e., either it has to innovate or-die

Topics: HB, HC
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1986). A noncooperative competition occurs in the absence of any collusive agreement between firms. We may obtain a positive conjecture under cooperative behaviour or under a demand uncertainty as examined in Ireland & Hviid
  2. (1984). Avinash Dixit doi
  3. (1956). Barries to New Competition"
  4. (1983). Conjectural Variations'' doi
  5. (1975). Cournot Oligopoly with Uncertain entry'' doi
  6. (1975). for extensive analysis on the notion of Perfect Equilibrium. Here, we use the definition as rephrased by Shaked and Sutton
  7. (1934). Friedman(1977) P19-20 for a detailed exposition) 5. This notion was first used by Stackelberg
  8. (1980). He himself refers to the models developed by Gabszewicz, Thisse (1979,1980), Gabszewicz at al
  9. (1985). Incentives to Form Coalitions with Bertrand Competition" doi
  10. (1983). Reconsidering Cournot: the Ccoulrnot Equilibrium is Consistent" doi
  11. (1983). Rivalry and the Excessive Allocation of Resources to Research" doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.