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Migrations and Migrants in Historical Perspective: permanencies and innovations



Migrations have recently returned as a major challenge to the developed nation-states of the West, particularly in Europe. The dramatic increase of migratory flows is caused by a complex conjunction of push and pull factors: the demise of the Soviet empire and of communist multinational states, and an escalation of third-world misery and tribal warfare, are among the major push factors; on the pull side, the world has become a smaller and traversable place, as electronic images and cultural icons of first-world riches reach far into the non-Western hinterlands, transnational corporations set up dependencies in Asia and Africa, and airline tickets are casier to get, thus lowering the barriers for trying one's luck in the headquarters of a globalized world. A characteristic of such push-pull migrations is the breakdown of neat categorization: economic migrations, which have become synonymous with "immigration", can no longer be easily distinguished from ethnic homeland migrations, in which whole categories of people are forced to move because of violent regime changes, war, or conquest.--Foreword: International Migrations Geography, Polities and Culture in Europe and Beyond / Christian JOPPKE & René LEBOUTTE 11 --Introduction: Les migrations dans la longue durée. Permanences et mutations / René LEBOUTTE 15 --PREMIÈRE PARTIE: PERMANENCES ET MUTATIONS/FIRST PART: PERMANENCIES AND MUTATIONS --Entre archaïsme et modernité — Les migrations du Massif central au XIXe siècle / Rose DUROUX 57 --The Foreign Labour Force in Urban Switzerland: Immigration and Marnage Patterns of Female Servants in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries / Anne-Lise HEAD-KoNIG 77 --Migration of Journeymen as Nineteenth-Century Mass Migration / Josef EHMER 97 --Émigration et relations familiales. Casacalenda (Molise), 1888-1900 / Nicole MALPAS 111 --Leaving Canada Behind: Continental and Intercontinental Migrations in the North Atlantic Economy, 1900-1930 / Bruno RAMIREZ 141 --Labour Market Constraints and the Integration of Urban In-migrants: The Case of Bremen, 1815-1914 / Robert LEE 165 --Motivations and Strategies of German Return Migration / Karen SCHNIEDEWIND 207 --Les migrations asturiennes dans le contexte espagnol (XIXe-XXe siècles) / Julio TASCON 219 --Les migrations estudiantines en Europe, 1890-1930 / Nicolas MANITAKIS 243 --DEUXIÈME PARTIE: MIGRATIONS FORCÉES — DÉCOLONISATION/SECOND PART: FORCED MIGRATIONS — DECOLONISATION --Migration, Deportation, and Nation-Building: The Case of the Ottoman Empire / Fikret ADANIR & Hilmar KAISER 273 --Les migrations de la décolonisation / Bouda ETEMAD 293 --TROISIÈME PARTIE : POLITIQUES MIGRATOIRES/ THIRD PART: MIGRATORY POLICIES --Labour Market Developments, National Migration Pondes and the Integration of Western Europe, 1948-1968 / Simone A.W. GOEDINGS 311 --The Efficiency of Immigration Policies / Marc TERMOTE 33

Publisher: New York, P.I.E.-Peter Lang SA
Year: 2000
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