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Critical roles for murine Reck in the regulation of vascular patterning and stabilization

By Glícia Maria De Almeida, Mako Yamamoto, Yoko Morioka, Shuichiro Ogawa, Tomoko Matsuzaki and Makoto Noda

Abstract

Extracellular matrix (ECM) is known to play several important roles in vascular development, although the molecular mechanisms behind these remain largely unknown. RECK, a tumor suppressor downregulated in a wide variety of cancers, encodes a membrane-anchored matrix-metalloproteinase-regulator. Mice lacking functional Reck die in utero, demonstrating its importance for mammalian embryogenesis; however, the underlying causes of mid-gestation lethality remain unclear. Using Reck conditional knockout mice, we have now demonstrated that the lack of Reck in vascular mural cells is largely responsible for mid-gestation lethality. Experiments using cultured aortic explants further revealed that Reck is essential for at least two events in sprouting angiogenesis; (1) correct association of mural and endothelial tip cells to the microvessels and (2) maintenance of fibronectin matrix surrounding the vessels. These findings demonstrate the importance of appropriate cell-cell interactions and ECM maintenance for angiogenesis and the involvement of Reck as a critical regulator of these events

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1038/srep17860
OAI identifier: oai:repository.kulib.kyoto-u.ac.jp:2433/215933
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